Proficiency-based laparoscopic and endoscopic training with virtual reality simulators: a comparison of proctored and independent approaches.

@article{Snyder2009ProficiencybasedLA,
  title={Proficiency-based laparoscopic and endoscopic training with virtual reality simulators: a comparison of proctored and independent approaches.},
  author={Christopher W. Snyder and Marianne J. Vandromme and Sharon L. Tyra and M T Hawn},
  journal={Journal of surgical education},
  year={2009},
  volume={66 4},
  pages={201-7}
}
BACKGROUND Virtual reality (VR) simulators for laparoscopy and endoscopy may be valuable tools for resident education. However, the cost of such training in terms of trainee and instructor time may vary depending upon whether an independent or proctored approach is employed. METHODS We performed a randomized controlled trial to compare independent and proctored methods of proficiency-based VR simulator training. Medical students were randomized to independent or proctored training groups… CONTINUE READING

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