• Corpus ID: 54528357

Professional Female Bodybuilding: Self-Determination Theory Approach

  title={Professional Female Bodybuilding: Self-Determination Theory Approach},
  author={Mark T. Suffolk},
  journal={Journal of international women's studies},
  • Mark T. Suffolk
  • Published 1 July 2015
  • Psychology
  • Journal of international women's studies
Introduction "Female bodybuilders look disgusting, she looks like a man." (Shilling & Bunsell, 2009) The above quote demonstrates the common reaction to imagery depicting the hypermesomorphic somatotype of the typical professional female bodybuilder. The sheer physical stature of such a woman elicits powerful reactions from those outside the bodybuilding subculture. Specifically, by developing the almost perfect androgynous body (Schulze, 1997), stigmatization, marginalization, and sexism are… 

Figures from this paper

Women’s experiences of gender-based barriers and stereotypes in bodybuilding as a masculine sport in Poland
The aim of this thesis is to study gender-based barriers and stereotypes that influence women in masculine sports taking bodybuilding as an example and analyzing four interviews by using a feminism
Understanding the motivations behind the "iron sport" among Greek competitive bodybuilders using interpretive phenomenological analysis
Bodybuilding has generated debate and controversy, with research having largely focused on pathologizing the sport. This study aimed to gain insight from the accounts of bodybuilders regarding their


Flex-rated! Female bodybuilding: feminist resistance or erotic spectacle?
This paper aims to develop the already extensive writing on female bodybuilding by speculating on the ‘possible’ eroticism of the hyper-muscular female body. Most of the existing academic literature
Bodymakers: A Cultural Anatomy of Women's Body Building
Women with muscles are a recent phenomenon, so recent that, while generating a good deal of interest, both positive and negative, their importance to the cultural landscape has yet to be
Social Perception of Bodybuilders
Engaging in bodybuilding, especially by a woman, may have a pervasive influence on the impressions others have of the bodybuilder. The first experiment examined the effects of the label bodybuilder
New Zealand Bodybuilder Identities
Existing research implies bodybuilders are a homogenous group with gender, power, control and empowerment, as well as afflictions such as personal inadequacies, dominating scholarly thinking
The path chosen by female bodybuilders: a tentative interpretation.
This paper suggests that the process of marginalization of women bodybuilders can be analyzed according to two theoretical frameworks. The first is essentially a pessimistic interpretation based on
Vulnerable discipline: Experiences of male competitive bodybuilders
It is suggested that bodybuilders may be stigmatized for breaking social norms: by their distinctive appearance, by the way they handle suspected drug use and by challenging gender norms.
Prototypes and dimensions of masculinity and femininity
Researchers have criticized existing measures of masculinity and femininity, largely on the basis of their unidimensional nature. The purpose of the present research was twofold: first, to determine
Positive psychology. An introduction.
The authors outline a framework for a science of positive psychology, point to gaps in the authors' knowledge, and predict that the next century will see a science and profession that will come to understand and build the factors that allow individuals, communities, and societies to flourish.
Positive Deviance among Athletes: The Implications of Overconformity to the Sport Ethic
The purpose of this paper is to develop a working definition of positive deviance and use the definition in an analysis of behavior among athletes. It is argued that much deviance among athletes