In Australia, local government is established under State/Territory legislation and its structures, powers and functions are determined by that legislation. In all jurisdictions in the last 10-15 years, the relevant legislation creating and regulating local government has been reviewed and significantly amended or replaced with new legislation that gives local councils greater general competence powers. In most jurisdictions it was the first time that the legislation creating and regulating local government had been reviewed so comprehensively for more than forty to fifty years. Generally speaking, these changes enable local governments to provide a wide range of services or to undertake functions to meet the needs of their local communities which may be beyond their statutory requirements. This includes activities relating to the provision of affordable housing in their local communities.