Production of the Carbonate Radical Anion during Xanthine Oxidase Turnover in the Presence of Bicarbonate*

@article{Bonini2004ProductionOT,
  title={Production of the Carbonate Radical Anion during Xanthine Oxidase Turnover in the Presence of Bicarbonate*},
  author={Marcelo G. Bonini and Sayuri Miyamoto and P. Di Mascio and Ohara Augusto},
  journal={Journal of Biological Chemistry},
  year={2004},
  volume={279},
  pages={51836 - 51843}
}
Xanthine oxidase is generally recognized as a key enzyme in purine catabolism, but its structural complexity, low substrate specificity, and specialized tissue distribution suggest other functions that remain to be fully identified. The potential of xanthine oxidase to generate superoxide radical anion, hydrogen peroxide, and peroxynitrite has been extensively explored in pathophysiological contexts. Here we demonstrate that xanthine oxidase turnover at physiological pH produces a strong one… 

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