Production of renewable polymers from crop plants.

  title={Production of renewable polymers from crop plants.},
  author={Jan B. van Beilen and Yves Poirier},
  journal={The Plant journal : for cell and molecular biology},
  volume={54 4},
Plants produce a range of biopolymers for purposes such as maintenance of structural integrity, carbon storage, and defense against pathogens and desiccation. Several of these natural polymers are used by humans as food and materials, and increasingly as an energy carrier. In this review, we focus on plant biopolymers that are used as materials in bulk applications, such as plastics and elastomers, in the context of depleting resources and climate change, and consider technical and scientific… 

Production of Traditional and Novel Biopolymers in Transgenic Woody Plants

This chapter summarizes the strategies that have been used to produce biopolymers in plants, with emphasis on bioplastics from transgenic poplar and the potential for transgenic technology to improve the yields and qualities of traditionalBiopolymers including cellulose, latex, and oil.

Bioplastic Production by Transgenic Poplar

PHB can potentially partially replace petroleum-based plastics and it has other compelling advantages, including biodegradability and possibly a neutral carbon footprint.

Tailoring plant metabolism for the production of novel polymers and platform chemicals.

Transgenic plants as a source of polyhydroxyalkanoates

The main objective of this work is a review of possibilities of PHA biosynthesis in transgenic plants and presentation of general information on properties and potential application possibilities of these biopolymers.

Reconfiguring Plant Metabolism for Biodegradable Plastic Production

Genetic elements that can be considered in genetic circuit design, approaches for nuclear genome and plastome modification, and the use of multiomics and mathematical modeling in understanding and restructuring plant metabolic pathways are suggested.

Synthesis, properties and uses of bacterial storage lipid granules as naturally occurring nanoparticles

This review summarises the production of bacterial storage lipids, and considers the methods available to adjust the physical properties of the granules to make them suitable for novel applications.

Biofunctionalization of polymers and their applications.

  • Guoqiang Chen
  • Biology
    Advances in biochemical engineering/biotechnology
  • 2011
This chapter will discuss microbial PHA production and its applications in various fields ranging from microbial fermentation, bioplastic packaging, biofuel, medical implants, drug delivery, protein purification, chiral chemicals and drug development.

Metabolic Engineering of Plants for the Synthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanaotes

The challenges for the future are to succeed in the synthesis of PHA copolymer with a narrow range of monomer composition, at levels that do not compromise plant productivity, and in creating methods for efficient and economical extraction of polymer from plants.

Engineering of Plants for the Production of Commercially Important Products: Approaches and Accomplishments

This chapter presents an overview of different methods that are currently used to introduce and manipulate expression of one or more genes into plants and discusses some of the recent achievements in producing value-added products and pharmaceuticals in plants.



Production of Polyhydroxyalkanoates, a Family of Biodegradable Plastics and Elastomers, in Bacteria and Plants

Synergism between knowledge of the enzymes and genes contributing to PHA synthesis in bacteria and engineering of plant metabolic pathways will be necessary for the development of crop plants that produce biodegradable plastics.

Production of multifunctional organic acids from renewable resources.

The application of special fermentation techniques and the methods for downstream processing of products are described and techniques such as simultaneous fermentation and product recovery and downstream processing are likely to occupy an important role in the reduction of production costs.

Polyhydroxyalkanoates: biodegradable polymers with a range of applications

Increased and accelerated global economic activities over the past century have led to interlinked problems that require urgent attention. The current patterns of production and consumption have

Nature or petrochemistry?-biologically degradable materials.

The industrial-scale production of poly(lactic acid) from lactic acid generated by fermentation now provides a renewable resources-based polyester as a commodity plastic for the first time.

Production of cyanophycin, a suitable source for the biodegradable polymer polyaspartate, in transgenic plants.

The presence of the transgene-encoded messenger RNA (mRNA) correlated with changes in leaf morphology and decelerated growth in transgenic plants found to produce up to 1.1% dry weight of a polymer with cyanophycin-like properties.

Metabolic engineering of Arabidopsis and Brassica for poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) copolymer production

This study has engineered Arabidopsis and Brassica to produce PHBV in leaves and seeds by redirecting the metabolic flow of intermediates from fatty acid and amino acid biosynthesis, and reports copolymer production, metabolic intermediate analyses, and pathway dynamics.

Polyhydroxybutyrate synthesis in transgenic flax.

Microbial Biosynthesis of Polyglutamic Acid Biopolymer and Applications in the Biopharmaceutical, Biomedical and Food Industries

An updated critical literature review on the production and applications of Polyglutamic Acid is provided, finding a great variety of applications for both isoforms of PGA.

Cell-wall carbohydrates and their modification as a resource for biofuels.

Plant cell walls represent the most abundant renewable resource on this planet. Despite their great abundance, only 2% of this resource is currently used by humans. Hence, research into the