Production of deuterated switchgrass by hydroponic cultivation

@article{Evans2015ProductionOD,
  title={Production of deuterated switchgrass by hydroponic cultivation},
  author={Barbara R. Evans and Garima Bali and Marcus B. Foston and Arthur J. Ragauskas and Hugh M. O'Neill and Riddhi Shah and J. Mcgaughey and David T. Reeves and Caroline Rempe and Brian H. Davison},
  journal={Planta},
  year={2015},
  volume={242},
  pages={215-222}
}
AbstractMain conclusionThe bioenergy crop switchgrass was grown hydroponically from tiller cuttings in 50 % D2O to obtain biomass with 34 % deuterium substitution and physicochemical properties similar to those of H2O-grown switchgrass controls. Deuterium enrichment of biological materials can potentially enable expanded experimental use of small angle neutron scattering (SANS) to investigate molecular structural transitions of complex systems such as plant cell walls. Two key advances have… 
Production of deuterated biomass by cultivation of Lemna minor (duckweed) in D2O
TLDR
The production of biomass with 50–60% deuterium incorporation by long-term photoheterotrophic growth of common duckweed Lemna minor in 50% D2O with 0.5% glucose is reported.
Effect of in Vivo Deuteration on Structure of Switchgrass Lignin
Biomass deuteration is an effective engineering method that can be used to provide key insights into understanding of biomass recalcitrance and the complex biomass conversion process. In this study,
Allelopathic effects of exogenous phenylalanine: a comparison of four monocot species
Main conclusionExogenous phenylalanine stunted annual ryegrass but not switchgrass or winter grain rye, with deuterium incorporation up to 3% from phenyalanine-d8. Toxicity to duckweed varied with
Deuteration Effects on Switchgrass Structure and Metabolism: Lignin Deposition Changes in Cell Walls of Deuterated Switchgrass
Project Goals: Lignocellulosic biomass comprises the vast majority of biomass on Earth and has the potential to play a major role in generation of renewable biofuels if costeffective conversion can
Ultrastructure and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Deuterated Switchgrass
TLDR
Transmission electron microscopy showed differences in lignin distribution and packing of fibers in the cell walls that apparently increased surface area of cellulose in deuterated switchgrass, increasing cellulose accessibility and lowering its recalcitrance.
Hemicellulose characterization of deuterated switchgrass.
TLDR
Structural similarities show that deuterated switchgrass hemicellulose can be used as a model carbohydrate polymer in neutron scattering, or pharmaceutical studies due to their immunomodulatory activity and gastroprotective effects.
Development of approaches for deuterium incorporation in plants.
TLDR
Cultivation in 50% D2O of annual ryegrass and switchgrass following establishment of roots by growth in H2O produces samples with normal morphology and 30-40% deuterium incorporation in the biomass, and changes in infrared (IR) absorption observed for H to D substitution in hydroxyl and alkyl groups provide rapid initial evaluation of incorporation.
Funaria hygrometrica Hedw. elevated tolerance to D2O: its use for the production of highly deuterated metabolites
TLDR
The ability to tolerate high concentrations of D2O together with the development of a rich molecular toolbox makes F. hygrometrica an ideal system for the production of valuable deuterated metabolites.
Effects of Media Composition and Auxins on Adventitious Rooting of Bienertia sinuspersici Cuttings
TLDR
Overall, the established procedure provides a simple and cost-effective means for the rapid propagation of the single-cell C4 species B. sinuspersici.
The preparation and characterization of chemically deuterium incorporated cotton fibers
Preparation of deuterium incorporated cellulose is a vital tool to investigate cellulose internal structure and to expand the application fields of cellulose materials. In this study, cellulosic
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