Production and upgrading of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using heterogeneous catalysts and biomass-derived solvents

@article{Gallo2013ProductionAU,
  title={Production and upgrading of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural using heterogeneous catalysts and biomass-derived solvents},
  author={Jean Marcel R. Gallo and David Martin Alonso and Max A. Mellmer and James A. Dumesic},
  journal={Green Chemistry},
  year={2013},
  volume={15},
  pages={85-90}
}
High yields of HMF from glucose can be achieved using biomass-derived solvents and a combination of solid Lewis and Bronsted catalysts in a salt-free reaction system. The HMF produced in this system can be oxidized to FDCA or hydrogenated to DMF, both being high-value chemicals. 

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