Production, Use, and Fate of Phthalic Acid Esters for Polyvinyl Chloride Products in China.

  title={Production, Use, and Fate of Phthalic Acid Esters for Polyvinyl Chloride Products in China.},
  author={Mengyan Bi and Wei Liu and Xiaoyu Luan and Muyang Li and Min Liu and Wenqiu Liu and Zhaojie Cui},
  journal={Environmental science \& technology},
Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) are the most common plasticizers, approximately 90% of which are used in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products, but they are also endocrine disruptors that have attracted considerable attention. The metabolism of PAEs in PVC products in China from 1958 to 2019 was studied using dynamic material flow analysis. The results showed that the total consumption of PAEs was 29.2 Mt in the past 60 years. By 2019, the in-use stocks of PAEs were 5.0 Mt. Construction materials were… 
Coupled Dynamic Material Flow, Multimedia Environmental Model, and Ecological Risk Analysis for Chemical Management: A Di(2-ethylhexhyl) Phthalate Case in China.
Di(2-ethylhexhyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a widely used plasticizer that has adverse effects on ecosystems and human health. However, data about its stocks, flows, emission rates, as well as ecological
PAEs Derivatives’ Design for Insulation: Integrated In-Silico Methods, Functional Assessment and Environmentally Friendly Molecular Modification
As a common substance in production and life, phthalic acid esters (PAEs), the main component of plastics, have brought more and more serious problems to the environment. This study normalized the


Fate of Phthalic Acid Esters (PAEs) in Typical Greenhouse Soils of Different Cultivation Ages
PAEs was closely correlated with soil pH and organic matter, but not with cultivation ages, which indicates that the increase of cultivation age is not the main reason for the change of soil PAEs concentration.
Plastic resources metabolism in China based on material flow analysis
: With the rapid growth of the production and consumption of plastics, the waste and pollution of plastics become increasingly more serious. It is important to study the metabolic process of plastic
Assessment of phthalic acid esters pollution in Anzali wetland, north of Iran
Due to ecological importance of Anzali wetland (in south of the Caspian sea) and taking the toxicity of phthalates into consideration, which can finally find their way to human diet and pose a huge
Stocks and flows of PBDEs in products from use to waste in the U.S. and Canada from 1970 to 2020.
The time-dependent stock of PBDEs contained in in-use products (excluding building materials and large vehicles) was estimated for the U.S. and Canada from 1970 to 2020 based on product consumption