Produced Water Surface Spills and the Risk for BTEX and Naphthalene Groundwater Contamination

  title={Produced Water Surface Spills and the Risk for BTEX and Naphthalene Groundwater Contamination},
  author={Amanda Shores and Melinda J. Laituri and Greg L. Butters},
  journal={Water, Air, \& Soil Pollution},
The widespread use of unconventional drilling involving hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) has allowed for increased oil-and-gas extraction, produced water generation, and subsequent spills of produced water in Colorado and elsewhere. Produced water contains BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene) and naphthalene, all of which are known to induce varying levels of toxicity upon exposure. When spilled, these contaminants can migrate through the soil and contaminant groundwater. This… Expand

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