Processing proper nouns in aphasia: Evidence from assessment and therapy

  title={Processing proper nouns in aphasia: Evidence from assessment and therapy},
  author={Jo Robson and Jane Marshall and Tim Pring and Ann Montagu and Shula Chiat},
  pages={917 - 935}
Background: Dissociations between proper and common names following brain damage have frequently been reported (see Yasuda, Nakamura, & Beckman, 2000, for review) and suggest that these different word classes are processed by distinct mechanisms. The dissociations are often observed in people with relatively pure impairments, but might also be expected more generally in aphasia. There is the further possibility that the different vocabulary groups require different therapy approaches. Yet, to… 
Cerebral processing of proper and common nouns: Perception and production following left hemisphere damage
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Cerebral Laterality for Famous Proper Nouns: Visual Recognition by Normal Subjects
Proposed proposals that (1) both hemispheres can process famous proper nouns and (2) the right hemisphere is specialized for personal relevance are supported.
Production of proper names: a clinical case study of the effects of phonemic cueing.
A neuropsychological patient is described who shows a sparing of proper names despite an otherwise deeply troubled linguistic production, and it is proposed that possible differences in lexical access for the two categories of common and proper names may explain the phenomenon and still be consistent with mainstream philosophical theories.
Brain processing of proper names
Proper names are of practical importance for verbal communication. For instance, they are indispensable for transmission of autobiographical information concerning a person. Recent studies have
Dissociations between the Processing of Proper and Common Names
Recently, some authors have claimed that a double dissociation between an "anomia for proper names" and a "selective sparing of proper names" has been demonstrated in the cognitive neuropsychology
Preservation of memory for people in semantic memory disorder: Further category-specific semantic dissociation
This case is presented with a history of semantic memory difficulties and a profound anomia affecting both proper nouns and common nouns following a left-hemisphere CVA, and suggests that person-specific knowledge is selectively preserved.
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The present study provides support for disproportionate age-related problems in lexical access to proper names in long-term memory using the cognitive model of speech production proposed by Burke et al. (1991).
It is argued that detailed analyses of conceptual knowledge are necessary before it is concluded that a subject with proper name anomia suffers from a purely output disorder, as opposed to a conceptual disorder.