Processing, Carbonization, and Characterization of Lignin Based Electrospun Carbon Fibers: A Review

@inproceedings{Poursorkhabi2020ProcessingCA,
  title={Processing, Carbonization, and Characterization of Lignin Based Electrospun Carbon Fibers: A Review},
  author={Vida Poursorkhabi and Mohamed A. Abdelwahab and Manjusri Misra and Hamdy Khalil and Bahram Gharabaghi and Amar Kumar Mohanty},
  booktitle={Frontiers in Energy Research},
  year={2020}
}
Greenhouse gas emissions and environmental impacts of petroleum-based fuels and materials have necessitated the development of renewable resource-based alternatives. In the process to extract cellulose for converting it to bioethanol (bio-based gasoline) large quantities of lignin are produced as the main byproduct-making it useful for further processing application for sustainable materials. Lignin is the second abundant source of renewable carbon with an aromatic structure which makes it a… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Lignin-Based High-Performance Fibers by Textile Spinning Techniques
TLDR
This review presents the latest advances in the textile fabrication techniques, modified lignin-based high-performance fibers, and their potential in the enhancement of the mechanical performance. Expand
State of the Art and New Directions on Electrospun Lignin/Cellulose Nanofibers for Supercapacitor Application: A Systematic Literature Review
TLDR
This systematic review on electrospun lignin/cellulose nanofiber-based supercapacitors will provide a reference for other researchers interested in developing biomass-basedsupercapacitor electrode materials as an alternative to conventional super capacitors based on petroleum products. Expand
Green and sustainable molten salt electrochemistry for the conversion of secondary carbon pollutants to advanced carbon materials
Carbon emissions have caused serious climate changes such as global warming, glacier melting, and sea level rise. Carbon neutrality has become a global target and the sustainable disposal of carbonExpand
Recent developments in centrifugally spun composite fibers and their performance as anode materials for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries
Abstract Nanofibers (NFs) and composite NFs have been widely used as electrode and separator materials in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to their highExpand
Super-tough sustainable biobased composites from polylactide bioplastic and lignin for bio-elastomer application
Abstract A sustainable multifunctional biobased composite with 61% renewable resource content exhibiting superior toughness was successfully engineered using polylactide (PLA) and organosolv ligninExpand
Sustainable green composites from biodegradable plastics blend and natural fibre with balanced performance: Synergy of nano-structured blend and reactive extrusion
Abstract We herein report a unique scientific strategy in engineering green composites with excellent balanced performance of stiffness, toughness and heat deflection temperature (HDT). To achieveExpand
Impact of temperature and in situ FeCo catalysis on the architecture and Young's modulus of model wood-based biocarbon
A systematic comparison of biocarbon from hardwood (maple) and softwood (pine) as well as individual cellulose, lignin and xylan (referred to hemicellulose) was performed. For the first time, theExpand
Carbon nanoflakes and nanofibers
  • Pingping Zuo, Shijie Qu, Wenzhong Shen
  • Materials Science
  • Handbook of Carbon-Based Nanomaterials
  • 2021

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 242 REFERENCES
Manufacture and application of lignin-based carbon fibers (LCFs) and lignin-based carbon nanofibers (LCNFs)
Environmental issues and constantly diminishing petroleum resources are considerable barriers inhibiting modernization, and vast efforts have been exerted to address these problems. Carbon fibersExpand
Novel Lignin-Cellulose Based Carbon Nanofibers as High-Performance Supercapacitors.
TLDR
Results indicate that the introduction of H3PO4 can effectively reduce the energy consumption of pre-oxidation treatment process for the preparation of the biomass-based CFs, while increasing the energy storage properties significantly. Expand
Lignin-Based Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers
The article summarizes the scientific progress that has occurred in the past several years in regard to the preparation of carbon nanofibers from lignin as a low-cost environmentally-friendly rawExpand
Towards lignin-based functional materials in a sustainable world
In light of the incessant consumption of raw materials in the world today, the search for sustainable resources is ever pressing. Lignin, the second most naturally abundant biomass, which makes upExpand
Impact of Thermal Oxidative Stabilization on the Performance of Lignin-Based Carbon Nanofiber Mats
Lignin is a renewable biopolymer considered as a potential precursor for low-cost carbon materials. Thermal oxidative stabilization (TOS) is an important processing step to maintain fiber geometryExpand
Characterization of the major reactions during conversion of lignin to carbon fiber
Abstract Lightweight design is an essential part of the overall Volkswagen strategy for reducing the CO 2 emissions. The use of carbon fiber offers an enormous lightweight potential. In comparison toExpand
Bio-derived carbon nanofibers from lignin as high performance Li-ion anode materials.
TLDR
This work will promote the development of lignocelluose waste materials as high performace energy storage materials. Expand
Lignin-Derived Advanced Carbon Materials.
TLDR
The effects of pretreatments and manufacturing methods on the properties of product lignin, and structure-property relationships in various applications of lignIn-derived carbon materials, such as carbon fibers, carbon mats, activated carbons, carbon films, and templated carbon, are discussed. Expand
Thermoelectric properties of electrospun carbon nanofibres derived from lignin.
TLDR
This work has produced bio-based carbon nanofibres derived from mixtures of polyacrylonitrile and lignin using electrospinning, and a conversion of p-type to n-type semiconducting behaviour was achieved with a hydrazine vapour treatment. Expand
Lignin – an alternative precursor for sustainable and cost-effective automotive carbon fiber
Abstract Lightweight design is an essential part of the overall Volkswagen strategy for reducing the CO 2 emission. The use of carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP) offers an enormous lightweightExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...