Process Tracing and Qualitative Causal Inference

  title={Process Tracing and Qualitative Causal Inference},
  author={David Waldner},
  journal={Security Studies},
  pages={239 - 250}
  • D. Waldner
  • Published 3 April 2015
  • Philosophy
  • Security Studies
This essay critically reviews this symposium's essays on process tracing and security studies by James Mahoney, Andrew Bennett, and Nina Tannenwald. It covers three major issues that have not been adequately addressed by previous writings on process tracing: the relationship of single case studies to more general causal claims, the conceptualization of causation, and the criteria of valid causal inference. It introduces the “completeness standard,” which combines causal graphs, event history… 
Check Your Truth Conditions!Clarifying the Relationship between Theories of Causation and Social Science Methods for Causal Inference
Theories of causation in philosophy ask what makes causal claims true and establish the so-called truth conditions allowing one to separate causal from noncausal relationships. We argue that social
University of Birmingham Enhancing the robustness of causal claims based on case study research on conflict zones
Focusing on process tracing and using the example of fieldwork in Donbas, I develop an argument on what theoretically grounded and empirically detailed methodological solutions can be considered to
Rethinking causal explanation in interpretive international studies
This article develops a model for causal explanations amenable to interpretive International Relations (IR) research. A growing field of scholars has turned toward causal inquiry while stressing the
Enhancing the Robustness of Causal Claims Based on Case Study Research on Conflict Zones: Observations from Fieldwork in Donbas
  • S. Wolff
  • Sociology
    Nationalities Papers
  • 2020
Abstract Focusing on process tracing and using the example of fieldwork in Donbas, I develop an argument on what theoretically grounded and empirically detailed methodological solutions can be
Testing Causal Theories with Learned Proxies
Social scientists commonly use computational models to estimate proxies of unobserved concepts, then incorporate these proxies into subsequent tests of their theories. The consequences of this
Modernizing the Bradford Hill criteria for assessing causal relationships in observational data
  • L. A. Cox
  • Psychology
    Critical reviews in toxicology
  • 2018
Seven criteria for assessing consistency of data with a manipulative causal exposure–response relationship are proposed and to what extent it is now possible to automate discovery of manipulative causal dependencies and quantification of causal effects from observational data are discussed.
Staging Appeal? A longitudinal study of the Sweden Democrat's programmatic development, between 1989 and 2014
Can the Sweden Democrats (SDs) be accountable for their own success? If so, how can it be explained over time? This study sets out to measure the ideological appeal of the SDs and explain it via
Qualitative and Multi-Method Research Fall 2020
ISSN: 2153-6767 Inside: Letter from the President Jason Seawright Letter from the Editor Jennifer Cyr Original article: Disrupted Fieldwork: Navigating Innovation, Redesign, and Ethics during an
The Rhetoric of Inaction: Failing to Fail Forward in the EU’s Rule of Law Crisis
In the EU, political crises often serve as catalysts for ‘failing forward’. Yet as a rule of law breakdown has swept some member states, EU institutions have repeatedly failed to act. We argue that


Process Tracing and Historical Explanation
The article shows how process-tracing researchers use event analysis to formulate original explanations of specific outcomes in particular cases and discusses the logic of historical explanation and the use of sequential analysis.
Process Tracing and Security Studies
Process tracing is used widely in security studies to advance all kinds of arguments. When, if ever, is it capable of “resolving” anything? Does the outcome of debates hinge on “good” or “bad”
Using Process Tracing to Improve Policy Making: The (Negative) Case of the 2003 Intervention in Iraq
This article argues that applying the Bayesian logic of process tracing can improve intelligence estimates, appraisals of alternative policy options, and reassessments of whether policies are working
How Liberalism Produces Democratic Peace
democracies seldom if ever go to war against one another has nearly become a truism. The ”democratic peace” has attracted attention for a number of reasons. It is “the closest thing we have to an
What Makes Process Tracing Good? Causal Mechanisms, Causal Inference, and the Completeness Standard in Comparative Politics
  • Process Tracing: From Metaphor to Analytic Tool
  • 2014
26 For the emergent literature on causal inference, see Judea Pearl
  • Causality: Models, Reasoning, and Inference
  • 2000