Procedural justice training reduces police use of force and complaints against officers

@article{Wood2020ProceduralJT,
  title={Procedural justice training reduces police use of force and complaints against officers},
  author={George Wood and Tom R. Tyler and Andrew V. Papachristos},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2020},
  volume={117},
  pages={9815 - 9821}
}
Significance Police misconduct and use of force have come under increasing scrutiny and public attention. The procedural justice model of policing, which emphasizes transparency, explaining policing actions, and responding to community concerns, has been identified as a strategy for decreasing the number of interactions in which civilians experience disrespectful treatment or the unjustified use of force. This paper evaluates whether a large-scale implementation of procedural justice training… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Policing persons in behavioral crises: an experimental test of bystander perceptions of procedural justice

Policing is in the midst of a legitimacy crisis. Procedural justice is a primary avenue for police reform, including when police officers interact with vulnerable populations. The purpose of the

Addressing the inappropriate use of force by police in the United States and beyond: A behavioral and social science perspective.

The inappropriate use of force by police is considered from the perspective of behavioral and social science inquiry related to aggression, violence, and intergroup relations in the context of research on modern policing as well as critical race theory.

A Tale of Force: Examining Policy Proposals to Address Police Violence

We develop an explicitly organizational and relational approach to examine the problem of police violence, focusing empirically on prominent policy recommendations to increase officer demographic

A Tale of Force: Examining Policy Proposals to Address the Issue of Police Violence

President Obama’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing recommended that police forces increase officer demographic diversity, raise educational requirements for new officers, and implement community

Reforming the police through procedural justice training: A multicity randomized trial at crime hot spots

Significance Our study is a randomized trial in policing confirming that intensive training in procedural justice (PJ) can lead to more procedurally just behavior and less disrespectful treatment of

Training police for procedural justice: An evaluation of officer attitudes, citizen attitudes, and police-citizen interactions

  • Mengyan Dai
  • Law
    The Police Journal: Theory, Practice and Principles
  • 2020
This paper reports the findings of an evaluation of a police training program on procedural justice. The evaluation focused on the short- and long-term effects of the training on officers’ attitudes

Police Training and Accountability: A Remedy or an Impediment for Reducing Unarmed Police Shootings?

The deaths of unarmed black citizens at the hands of police have led to dramatic calls for police reform. Some observers claim that officers are poorly trained and unaccountable for their actions. In

Legitimacy-Based Policing and the Promotion of Community Vitality

This Element presents the history, research, and future potential for an alternative and effective model of policing called 'legitimacy-based policing'. This model is driven by social psychology

Does Procedural Justice Reduce the Harmful Effects of Perceived Ineffectiveness on Police Legitimacy?

Objectives: Judgments about police procedural fairness consistently have a stronger influence on how the public ascribes legitimacy to the police than evaluations of police effectiveness. What

Going the Extra Mile: The Cost of Complaint Filing, Accountability, and Law Enforcement Outcomes in Chicago

Elected leaders rely on "fire alarms" to promote good government: in the presence of bureaucratic malfeasance, citizens can cry foul, so appropriate remedies can be pursued. But what happens when
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 33 REFERENCES

Fairness and effectiveness in policing : the evidence

Because police are the most visible face of government power for most citizens, they are expected to deal effectively with crime and disorder and to be impartial. Producing justice through the fair,

Militarization fails to enhance police safety or reduce crime but may harm police reputation

  • Jonathan Mummolo
  • Law, Political Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2018
It is demonstrated that militarized policing fails to enhance officer safety or reduce local crime, and the results suggest that the often-cited trade-off between public safety and civil liberties is a false choice.

A field experiment on community policing and police legitimacy

It is demonstrated that positive nonenforcement contact can improve public attitudes toward police and suggests that police departments would benefit from an increased focus on strategies that promote positive police–public interactions.

Training police for procedural justice

ObjectivesThis paper reports the findings of an evaluation of a police training program on the principles of procedural justice. This training was part of a larger organizational change strategy

Procedural justice training for police recruits: results of a randomized controlled trial

ObjectivesProcedural justice training for police officers is designed to improve officers’ interactions with the public. Aside from the fact that it is a given that citizens deserve to be treated in

The Impact of Psychological Science on Policing in the United States

These findings demonstrate that legal authorities gain by a focus on legitimacy, providing legal authorities with a clear road map of strategies for creating and maintaining public trust.

Teaching Respectful Police-Citizen Encounters and Good Decision Making : Results of a Randomized Control Trial with Police Recruits

Background and Problem Statement. Encounters with citizens, whether voluntary or involuntary, are at the heart of police work. On a daily basis, officers have interactions with citizens in numerous

Going the Extra Mile: The Cost of Complaint Filing, Accountability, and Law Enforcement Outcomes in Chicago

Elected leaders rely on "fire alarms" to promote good government: in the presence of bureaucratic malfeasance, citizens can cry foul, so appropriate remedies can be pursued. But what happens when

Principles of Procedurally Just Policing

We believe that procedural justice can and should be integrated throughout the policies of a police department. In this document, we identify three key areas of department policymaking in which

Street Stops and Police Legitimacy: Teachable Moments in Young Urban Men's Legal Socialization

An examination of the influence of street stops on the legal socialization of young men showed an association between the number of police stops they see or experience and a diminished sense of