# Proca stars: Gravitating Bose–Einstein condensates of massive spin 1 particles

@article{Brito2016ProcaSG, title={Proca stars: Gravitating Bose–Einstein condensates of massive spin 1 particles}, author={Richard Brito and Vitor Cardoso and Carlos A. R. Herdeiro and Eugen Radu}, journal={Physics Letters B}, year={2016}, volume={752}, pages={291-295} }

## 142 Citations

### Tidal Love numbers of Proca stars

- PhysicsJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- 2020

Proca stars [1] are everywhere regular, asymptotically flat self-gravitating solitons composed of complex, massive vector bosons, forming a macroscopic, star-sized, Bose-Einstein condensate. They…

### Asymptotically flat scalar, Dirac and Proca stars: Discrete vs. continuous families of solutions

- Physics
- 2017

### Rotating axion boson stars

- PhysicsJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- 2020

We construct and study rotating axion boson stars (RABSs). These are the spinning generalisations of the spherical gravitating solitons recently introduced in [1]. RABSs are asymptotically flat,…

### Dirac star with SU(2) Yang-Mills and Proca fields

- PhysicsPhysical Review D
- 2020

We study spherically symmetric strongly gravitating configurations supported by nonlinear spinor fields and non-Abelian SU(2) Yang-Mills/Proca magnetic fields. Regular asymptotically flat solutions…

### Axion boson stars

- PhysicsJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- 2019

We study novel solitonic solutions to Einstein-Klein-Gordon theory in the presence of a periodic scalar potential arising in models of axion-like particles. The potential depends on two parameters:…

### Ultracompact vector stars

- PhysicsPhysical Review D
- 2022

We analytically investigate a new family of horizonless compact objects in vector-tensor theories of gravity, called ultracompact vector stars. They are sourced by a vector condensate, induced by a…

### Nonlinear Dynamics of Spinning Bosonic Stars: Formation and Stability.

- PhysicsPhysical review letters
- 2019

Analysis suggests bosonic stars have different stability properties in the scalar (vector) case, which is tentatively relate to its toroidal (spheroidal) morphology.

### Soliton boson stars, Q-balls and the causal Buchdahl bound

- PhysicsJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
- 2022

Self-gravitating non-topological solitons whose potential admits multiple vacua are promising candidates for exotic compact objects. Such objects can arise in several extensions of the Standard Model…

## References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 48 REFERENCES

### General relativistic boson stars

- Physics
- 2003

There is accumulating evidence that (fundamental) scalar fields may exist in nature. The gravitational collapse of such a boson cloud would lead to a boson star (BS) as a new type of a compact…

### J an 2 00 8 TOPICAL REVIEW : General relativistic boson stars

- Physics
- 2018

There is accumulating evidence that (fundamental) scalar fields may exist in Nature. The gravitational collapse of such a boson cloud would lead to a boson star (BS) as a new type of a compact…

### Kerr black holes with scalar hair.

- PhysicsPhysical review letters
- 2014

We present a family of solutions of Einstein's gravity minimally coupled to a complex, massive scalar field, describing asymptotically flat, spinning black holes with scalar hair and a regular…

### Models of rotating boson stars and geodesics around them: new type of orbits

- Physics
- 2014

We have developed a highly accurate numerical code capable of solving the coupled Einstein-Klein-Gordon system, in order to construct rotating boson stars in general relativity. Free fields and…

### Nonexistence of Baryon Number for Black Holes. II

- Physics
- 1972

In a previous paper we showed that a static (nonrotating) black hole cannot be endowed with exterior scalar-meson or massive vector-meson fields. Here we show that the same is true for massive spin-2…

### Dynamical evolution of boson stars: Perturbing the ground state.

- PhysicsPhysical review. D, Particles and fields
- 1990

The dynamical evolution of the perturbed ground-state boson stars in numerical relativity is reported on, with implications on the actual existence and the formation of bosonStars in an astrophysical environment.

### Cosmological Constraints on Bose-Einstein-Condensed Scalar Field Dark Matter

- Physics
- 2014

Despite the great successes of the cold dark matter (CDM) model in explaining a wide range of observations of the global evolution and the formation of galaxies and large-scale structure in the…

### Accretion of dark matter by stars.

- PhysicsPhysical review letters
- 2015

This work focuses here on light fields with mass m_{B}, such as axions and axionlike candidates, and shows that collapse of the host star to a black hole is avoided by efficient gravitational cooling mechanisms.

### Dynamical Boson Stars

- PhysicsLiving reviews in relativity
- 2012

This work discusses important varieties of boson stars, their dynamic properties, and some of their uses, concentrating on recent efforts.

### Construction and physical properties of Kerr black holes with scalar hair

- Physics
- 2015

Kerr black holes (BHs) with scalar hair are solutions of the Einstein–Klein–Gordon field equations describing regular (on and outside an event horizon), asymptotically flat BHs with scalar hair…