Problems of adverse pH and bacterial strategies to combat it.

@article{Dilworth1999ProblemsOA,
  title={Problems of adverse pH and bacterial strategies to combat it.},
  author={M. Dilworth and A. Glenn},
  journal={Novartis Foundation symposium},
  year={1999},
  volume={221},
  pages={
          4-14, discussion 14-8
        }
}
This chapter aims to survey the problems faced by bacteria found in environments of adverse pH, to review strategies used to combat those problems and to ask how those strategies are implemented. At acid or alkaline pH, bacteria are challenged not just by excess of H+ or OH- but also by excess of metal ions (aluminium, heavy metals at acidic pH, Na+ at alkaline pH), as well as shortages. Bacteria attempt to maintain their intracellular pH by minimizing membrane permeability to H+ and other ions… Expand
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