Problems in the classification of approximants

  title={Problems in the classification of approximants},
  author={Eugenio Mart{\'i}nez-Celdr{\'a}n},
  journal={Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
  pages={201 - 210}
  • E. Martínez-Celdrán
  • Published 1 December 2004
  • Linguistics
  • Journal of the International Phonetic Association
The aim of this paper is to show that the approximant feature refers to a phonetic class which includes other subcategories of sounds, such as semi-vowels, rhotics, laterals and a subset of consonants. The consonants – due to the lack of articulatory precision – keep neither the obligatory closure for stops nor the aerodynamic characteristics required to produce a turbulent airstream, as is characteristic of fricatives. I am referring to these sounds as [[Voiced bilabial fricative] [Voiced… 
The symbolization of central approximants in the IPA
Approximants that can be considered weaker versions of voiced fricatives (termed here ‘frictionless continuants’) are poorly served by the IPA in terms of symbolization as compared to semi-vowel
Spirant approximants in Galician
The category of approximant sounds has been defined and redefined by leading phoneticians and recognized by the International Phonetic Association; nonetheless, within this class of sounds,
The phonetic status of the (inter)dental approximant
The (inter)dental approximant is a little-studied speech sound in the Philippines and Western Australia. In this paper, we document the articulation of the sound, providing acoustic and video data
The case for alveolar fricative rhotics with evidence from Nusu
Cross-linguistically, fricatives are the rarest types of rhotics, found in a few African and European languages ( Ladefoged & Maddieson 1996 ) and as allophones in some Romance languages ( Jesus &
On the Phonemic Status of Labial Approximants in Dutch
In Dutch, the phonological relation between the labiodental spirant approximant [ʋ], found in word-initial position, and the labial–velar semi-vowel [w], found in word-final position, has been a
A Synchronic and Historical Look at Akeanon Phonology
Akeanon features a phoneme unique relative to many Philippine-type languages, which is a reflex of the proto-Bisayan *l and *-d- . This was initially described as a voiced velar fricative [ ɣ ], and
Perception of the bilabial-labiodental contrast in the approximant consonants of the Chilean Spanish
This study set out to determine whether Chilean Spanish listeners are able to perceive the differences between bilabial and labiodental approximant variants of Spanish /b/ (i.e., [β] versus [ʋ]).
An analysis of perceptual factors in the evolution of Spanish approximants
The role of perception in sound change is an open question. Perception may serve a functional purpose in sound change, for example, leading to enhanced distinctions, or it may affect sound change
Nasals Unplugged: The Aerodynamics ofNasal De-occlusivization in Spanish
The specification of “canonical” nasal consonants (excluding, e.g., the phonemically breathy nasals of Tsonga and the creaky nasals of Kwakw’ala) with respect to the feature VOICE presents


Vowels and Consonants
This popular introduction to phonetics describes how languages use a variety of different sounds, many of them quite unlike any that occur in well-known languages. Peter Ladefoged rightly earned his
Principles of phonetics
This chapter discusses the relationship between phonetics and phonology, and the temporal organization of speech continuity and rate, and evaluates general phonetic theory.
A course in phonetics
Part I Introductory concepts: articulatory phonetics phonology and phonetic transcription. Part II English phonetics: the Consonants of English English vowels English words and sentences. Part III
语音学和音系学词典 = A dictionary of phonetics and phonology
This dictionary devotes space to the various theoretical approaches in proportion to their importance, but it concentrates most heavily on non-theory-bound descriptive terminology.
The sounds of the world's languages
List of Figures. List of Tables. Acknowledgments. 1. The Sounds of the Worlda s Languages. 2. Places of Articulation. 3. Stops. 4. Nasals and Nasalized Consonants. 5. Fricatives. 6. Laterals. 7.
Phonetics: The Science of Speech
The anatomy and physiology of speech Initiation of speech. Speech articulation. Segments of speech - obstruent consonants. Segments of speech - sonorant consonants and vowels. Suprasegments of
Preliminaries to Speech Analysis: The Distinctive Features and Their Correlates
This work attempts to describes the ultimate discrete components of language, their specific structure, and their articulatory, acoustic, and perceptual correlates, and surveys their utilization in
Sobre la naturaleza fonética de los alófonos de "b, d, g" en español y sus distintas denominaciones
1. Proposito Nuestro objetivo en este trabajo es examinar definiciones y denominaciones que han sido utilizadas al clasificar los alofonos de los fonemas /b, d, g/ y analizar las caracteristicas
Propuesta de transcripción para la africada palatal sonora del español
La africada palatal sonora del espanol constituye un segmento controvertido por cuanto los autores discrepan acerca de su naturaleza. En este articulo se pretende analizar sus caracteristicas
Manual de pronunciación española
1 copia .pdf del cartel del mismo titulo de la exposicion organizada por la biblioteca Tomas Navarro Tomas, entre el 26 de abril y 6 de mayo, para la celebracion del Dia del Libro en 2011.