Even developed countries have a population problem. Most are in the 3rd stage of demographic transition and hoping to move to the 4th stage--a stabilized population. Rapidly increasing population nullifies development efforts. Consumption services must be expanded for an increasing population, leaving too little capital for investment in industry. This results in un- and underemployment. Gross national product in most developing countries is increasing but not the per capita income because the number of people is constantly growing. India's specific situation fits this general description. The government established family planning services in 1951 in order to cope with the problem.