Problem-Oriented Policing, Deterrence, and Youth Violence: An Evaluation of Boston's Operation Ceasefire

  title={Problem-Oriented Policing, Deterrence, and Youth Violence: An Evaluation of Boston's Operation Ceasefire},
  author={Anthony A. Braga and David Michael Kennedy and Elin Waring and Anne Morrison Piehl},
  journal={Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency},
  pages={195 - 225}
Operation Ceasefire is a problem-oriented policing intervention aimed at reducing youth homicide and youth firearms violence in Boston. It represented an innovative partnership between researchers and practitioners to assess the city's youth homicide problem and implement an intervention designed to have a substantial near-term impact on the problem. Operation Ceasefire was based on the “pulling levers” deterrence strategy that focused criminal justice attention on a small number of chronically… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

What Can Cities Do to Prevent Serious Youth Violence

After several years of very low numbers of youth homicides in Boston, Operation Ceasefi re was discontinued in 2000 and, with funding from federally sponsored violence prevention programmes, many American cities developed similar programmes.

The effec ts of focused deterrence on gang homicide: an evaluation of Rochester's ceasefir e program

In the late 1990’s, a problem-oriented policing initiative in Boston, “Operation: Ceasefire”, achieved significant reductions in youth homicide by focusing on gang behavior. The program was driven by

Effects of Baltimore’s Safe Streets Program on Gun Violence: A Replication of Chicago’s CeaseFire Program

Program-related reductions in homicides appear to be linked with conflict mediations conducted by program outreach workers and in some instances, program effects extended to neighborhoods bordering the intervention areas.

Collaborating to Reduce Violence: The Impact of Focused Deterrence in Kansas City

This research examines the impact of focused deterrence on homicide and gun violence in Kansas City, MO. In 2014, a coalition of police, prosecutors, city officials, researchers, and others

The Strategic Prevention of Gun Violence Among Gang‐Involved Offenders

Problem‐oriented policing has been suggested as a promising way to understand and prevent complex gang violence problems. A number of jurisdictions have been experimenting with new problem‐oriented

Changing the Street Dynamic

Research Summary This study uses a quasi-experimental design to evaluate the efficacy of Chicago's Group Violence Reduction Strategy (VRS), a gun violence reduction program that delivers a

Problem-Solving Approaches to Homicide: An Evaluation of the Indianapolis Violence Reduction Partnership

Indianapolis experienced record levels of homicide in the mid-1990s. Officials decided to use a problem-solving strategy that modeled a successful program implemented in Boston. The Indianapolis

Reducing Gang Violence Using Focused Deterrence: Evaluating the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV)

Research indicates that focused deterrence interventions are associated with violence reductions, although levels of success vary across sites. It is unknown if these strategies can produce sustained

Deterring Gang-Involved Gun Violence: Measuring the Impact of Boston’s Operation Ceasefire on Street Gang Behavior

ObjectivesThe relatively weak quasi-experimental evaluation design of the original Boston Operation Ceasefire left some uncertainty about the size of the program’s effect on Boston gang violence in



Problem solving and youth violence: an evaluation of the Boston Gun Project

The Boston Gun Project is a problem-solving policing initiative aimed at reducing homicide victimization among young people in the city of Boston. It represented an innovative partnership between

Youth violence in Boston: Gun markets, serious youth offenders, and a use-reduction strategy

Since the mid-1980s, there has been a dramatic increase in youth gun violence.1 In most areas, juveniles and many other youth are legally prohibited from purchasing firearms, especially handguns. As

Homicide in Minneapolis

Academics have long studied the basic dimensions of homicide, with Marvin E. Wolfgang's pioneering 1958 classic, Patterns in Criminal Homicide, defining the shape of criminological research on

Problem-oriented policing in violent crime places: A randomized controlled experiment

Over the past decade, problem-oriented policing has become a central strategy for policing. In a number of studies, problem-oriented policing has been found to be effective in reducing crime and

The Unprecedented Epidemic in Youth Violence

The epidemic of youth violence that began in the mid-1980s has been demographically concentrated among black male youths: the homicide-commission rate for this group increased by a factor of about

Youth Homicide in Boston

The methods used to collect and compare these two sources of homicide data are discussed, the pictures of youth gun and knife homicide in Boston are presented, and steps that might be taken to improve the usefulness of SHR data in diagnosing local homicide problems are discussed.

The specific deterrent effects of arrest for domestic assault.

The findings falsify a deviance amplification model of labeling theory beyond initial labeling, and fail to falsify the specific deterrence prediction for a group of offenders with a high percentage of prior histories of both domestic violence and other kinds of crime.

Testing for Structural Breaks in the Evaluation of Programs

There was a statistically significant discontinuity in youth homicide incidents shortly after the intervention was unveiled and this work adapts from the time series literature an unknown-breakpoint test to test for a change in regime.

Improving Policing: A Problem-Oriented Approach

The police have been particularly susceptible to the "means over ends" syndrome, placing more emphasis in their improvement efforts on organization and operating methods than on the substantive

Evaluating Crime Prevention

Most evaluations of crime prevention are carried out with little regard for methodological probity. Of work that aspires to methodological adequacy, the standard designs are the before-after