Problem-Centering vs. Means-Centering in Science

  title={Problem-Centering vs. Means-Centering in Science},
  author={Abraham H. Maslow},
  journal={Philosophy of Science},
  pages={326 - 331}
  • A. Maslow
  • Published 1 October 1946
  • Education
  • Philosophy of Science
Through the last decade or two, more and more attention has been given to the shortcomings and sins of "official" science. Discussion of thie sources of these failings has, however, been neglected. This paper attempts to show that many of the weaknesses of orthodox science are consequences of a means or techniquecentered approach to the defining of science. By means-centering, I refer to the tendency to consider that the essence of science lies in its instruments, techniques, procedures… 

A Point of Departure

  • J. Klee
  • Psychology
    Philosophy of Science
  • 1948
In a recent paper, Maslow (12) has suggested that we turn from means-centering to problem-centering in science. In two other papers (6, 7) the present author offered a theoretical foundation which

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