Probiotics and Lactose Intolerance

@inproceedings{Vonk2012ProbioticsAL,
  title={Probiotics and Lactose Intolerance},
  author={Roel J Vonk and Gerlof A.R. Reckman and Hermie J.M. Harmsen and Marion G. Priebe},
  year={2012}
}
In normal physiological conditions lactose is hydrolyzed by lactase also known as lactasephlorizin hydrolase and under its systemic name lactosegalactosehydrolase (EC 3.2.1.108), which is a brush-border membrane bound enzyme. Glucose and galactose are taken up by the intestinal cells and transported into the bloodstream (Fig. 1). A considerable part of glucose and most galactose is cleared by the liver after the first pass. Lactose which is not hydrolyzed in the small intestine is passing into… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

A review on enzyme-producing lactobacilli associated with the human digestive process: From metabolism to application.
TLDR
This review highlights the potential of lactobacilli to release functional enzymes associated with the digestive process and how this complex metabolism can be explored to contribute to the human diet. Expand
Synthesis of prebiotic galactooligosaccharides from lactose and lactulose by dairy propionibacteria.
TLDR
For the first time, results show the production of GOS and OsLu by dairy PAB, and these results encourage further studies on the optimization of the synthesis and structure characterization of the obtained oligosaccharides. Expand
Lactose Intolerance: What Your Breath Can Tell You
TLDR
Due to its relatively low cost, availability, and non-invasiveness, the hydrogen breath test (HBT) has become a popular technology to aid in the diagnosis of many gastroenterological diseases, specifically lactose intolerance. Expand
Probiotics for Human Health
TLDR
Probiotics are beneficial microorganisms which when consumed live impart positive health effects to the consumer through a variety of mechanisms thereby improving overall health of the consumers. Expand
Probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics- a review
AbstractThe health benefits imparted by probiotics and prebiotics as well as synbiotics have been the subject of extensive research in the past few decades. These food supplements termed asExpand
Release of Proteolysis Products with ACE-Inhibitory and Antioxidant Activities in Probiotic Yogurt Containing Different Levels of Fat and Prebiotics
In this study, the effects of prebiotic ingredients (inulin and wheat fiber) and fat percentage (0, 2 and 3.5%) on physicochemical properties, degree of proteolysis, antioxidant and ACE-inhibitoryExpand
Selection of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Tempe and Tape as Probiotic Candidates ]
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been isolated from Indonesian fermented foods such as tempe and tape. Some lactic acid bacteria are known to have health benefits and as probiotics. The objective ofExpand
Advances in Probiotics for Sustainable Food and Medicine
Probiotics constitute beneficial microorganisms or their components reported for their health benefits to the hosts. A plethora of research conducted over the past three decades resulted inExpand
Effect of acid whey-fortified breads on caecal fermentation processes and blood lipid profile in rats
TLDR
The results showed that the acid whey concentrates could be used as a valuable food ingredient and a statistically significant increase was found in the population of bifidobacteria in standard diet. Expand
Lactic Acid Bacteria: Food Safety and Human Health Applications
TLDR
The aim of the review was to present information related to lactic acid bacteria, the new classification and perspectives on industrial applications with a special emphasis on food safety and human health. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES
Probiotics--compensation for lactase insufficiency.
Yogurt and other conventional starter cultures and probiotic bacteria in fermented and unfermented milk products improve lactose digestion and eliminate symptoms of intolerance in lactoseExpand
The role of colonic metabolism in lactose intolerance
TLDR
It is suggested that the balance between the removal and production rate of osmotic–active components (lactose, and intermediate metabolites, e.g. lactate, succinate, etc.) in the colon is a key factor in the development of symptoms. Expand
Colonic fermentation may play a role in lactose intolerance in humans.
TLDR
The results indicate that the degree and rate of lactose hydrolysis in the colon do not play a role in lactose intolerance, however, after lactose is hydrolyzed, a faster and higher production of microbial intermediate and end metabolites may be related to the occurrence of symptoms. Expand
Comparative effects of exogenous lactase (β-galactosidase) preparations onin vivo lactose digestion
TLDR
Results from these studies demonstrate the relative equivalency of chewable, caplet, and soft-get β-gal products, based on IUs of enzyme fed. Expand
Identification of bacteria with beta-galactosidase activity in faeces from lactase non-persistent subjects.
TLDR
This work proposes a practical method to differentiate and identify bacteria with beta-galactosidase activity in faeces which combines a colony-lift filter assay with X-gal (5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-beta-d-Galactopyranoside) as substrate for differentiation and the fluorescent in situ hybridization technique for identification. Expand
[Lactobacilli and their probiotic properties].
TLDR
The genus Lactobacilli is able to interact with the immune system and stimulate it positively, to reduce the manifestations of lactose intolerance by consuming fermented milk products, and to shorten postantibiotic and travellers' diarrhoea. Expand
Role of colonic short-chain fatty acid transport in diarrhea.
  • H. Binder
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Annual review of physiology
  • 2010
TLDR
Increased production of SCFA as a result of providing starch that is relatively resistant to amylase digestion to oral rehydration solution (RS-ORS) improves the efficacy of ORS and represents an important approach to improve the effectiveness of ORs in the treatment of acute diarrhea in children under five years of age. Expand
Impaired colonic fermentation of carbohydrate after ampicillin.
TLDR
The results suggest that ampicillin impairs colonic fermentation of carbohydrate and a diet high in unabsorbable carbohydrate increases the risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Expand
A randomized trial of Lactobacillus acidophilus BG2FO4 to treat lactose intolerance.
TLDR
Treatment of lactose-maldigesting subjects with and without hypochlorhydria with Lactobacillus acidophilus BG2FO4 for 7 d failed to change breath-hydrogen excretion significantly after lactose ingestion, and overreported lactose intolerance is overreported. Expand
Lactobacillus acidophilus as a dietary adjunct for milk to aid lactose digestion in humans.
TLDR
Improved digestion of lactose was not due to hydrolysis of the lactose prior to consumption, which indicated that the beneficial effect must have occurred in the digestive tract after consumption of milk containing L. acidophilus. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...