Probiotic microbes: do they need to be alive to be beneficial?

@article{Kataria2009ProbioticMD,
  title={Probiotic microbes: do they need to be alive to be beneficial?},
  author={Jasmeet Kataria and Nan Li and James L Wynn and Josef Neu},
  journal={Nutrition reviews},
  year={2009},
  volume={67 9},
  pages={546-50}
}
An essential symbiotic relationship exists between intestinal cells and commensal bacteria within the human gastrointestinal tract. Alteration or absence of this interaction may play a role in the development of human disease. Use of probiotic organisms has yielded improvement of certain medical conditions, such as inflammatory and infectious gastrointestinal disease, although the mechanisms of benefit remain poorly defined. The administration of live organisms is not without risk, both… CONTINUE READING
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Live and heatkilled Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG): effects on pro- and anti-inflammatory cyto/chemokines in gastrostomy-fed infant rats

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