The binding of scutellarin with human serum albumin (HSA) was investigated at four temperatures, 296, 303, 310, and 318 K, by fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and molecular modeling study at pH 7.40. The binding parameters were determined by Scatchard's procedure, which are approximately consistent with the results of Stern-Volmer equation. The thermodynamic parameters were calculated according to the dependence of enthalpy change on the temperature as follows: DeltaH degrees is a small negative value (-8.55 kJ/mol), whereas DeltaS degrees is a positive value (65.15 J/mol K). Quenching of the fluorescence HSA in the presence of scutellarin was observed. Data obtained by fluorescence spectroscopy and CD experiment, FT-IR experiment, and molecular modeling method suggested that scutellarin can strongly bind to the HSA and the primary binding site of scutellarin is located in site I of HSA. It is considered that scutellarin binds to site I (subdomain II) mainly by a hydrophobic interaction and there are hydrogen bond interactions between the scutellarin and the residues Arg222 and Arg257.