Probe beam deflection optical imaging of thermal and mechanical phenomena resulting from nanosecond electric pulse (nsEP) exposure in-vitro.

Electric-field induced physical phenomena, such as thermal, mechanical and electrochemical dynamics, may be the driving mechanism behind bioeffects observed in mammalian cells during exposure to nanosecond-duration electric pulses (nsEP) in-vitro. Correlating a driving mechanism to a biological response requires the experimental measurement and… CONTINUE READING