Probabilities Of Causation: Three Counterfactual Interpretations And Their Identification

@article{Pearl1999ProbabilitiesOC,
  title={Probabilities Of Causation: Three Counterfactual Interpretations And Their Identification},
  author={Judea Pearl},
  journal={Synthese},
  year={1999},
  volume={121},
  pages={93-149}
}
According to common judicial standard, judgment in favor ofplaintiff should be made if and only if it is “more probable than not” thatthe defendant's action was the cause for the plaintiff's damage (or death). This paper provides formal semantics, based on structural models ofcounterfactuals, for the probability that event x was a necessary orsufficient cause (or both) of another event y. The paper then explicates conditions under which the probability of necessary (or sufficient)causation can… CONTINUE READING