Probabilistic synchronous tree-adjoining grammars for machine

@inproceedings{Wu2007ProbabilisticST,
  title={Probabilistic synchronous tree-adjoining grammars for machine},
  author={Dekai Wu},
  year={2007}
}
We provide a conceptual basis for thinking of machine translation in terms of synchronous grammars in general, and probabilistic synchronous tree-adjoining grammars in particular. Evidence for the view is found in the structure of bilingual dictionaries of the last several millennia.