Probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue

Abstract

Thiswork proposes a probabilistic authenticated quantumdialogue (PAQD) based on Bell states with the following notable features. (1) In our proposed scheme, the dialogue is encoded in a probabilistic way, i.e., the same messages can be encoded into different quantum states, whereas in the state-of-the-art authenticated quantum dialogue (AQD), the dialogue is encoded in a deterministic way; (2) the pre-shared secret key between two communicants can be reusedwithout any security loophole; (3) each dialogue in the proposed PAQD can be exchanged within only one-step quantum communication and one-step classical communication. However, in the state-of-theart AQD protocols, both communicants have to run a QKD protocol for each dialogue and each dialogue requires multiple quantum as well as classical communicational steps; (4) nevertheless, the proposed scheme can resist the man-in-the-middle attack, the modification attack, and even other well-known attacks.

DOI: 10.1007/s11128-015-1140-8

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Cite this paper

@article{Hwang2015ProbabilisticAQ, title={Probabilistic authenticated quantum dialogue}, author={Tzonelih Hwang and Yi-Ping Luo}, journal={Quantum Information Processing}, year={2015}, volume={14}, pages={4631-4650} }