Probabilistic assessment of sea level during the last interglacial stage

  title={Probabilistic assessment of sea level during the last interglacial stage},
  author={R. Kopp and F. Simons and J. Mitrovica and A. Maloof and M. Oppenheimer},
With polar temperatures ∼3–5 °C warmer than today, the last interglacial stage (∼125 kyr ago) serves as a partial analogue for 1–2 °C global warming scenarios. Geological records from several sites indicate that local sea levels during the last interglacial were higher than today, but because local sea levels differ from global sea level, accurately reconstructing past global sea level requires an integrated analysis of globally distributed data sets. Here we present an extensive compilation of… Expand
Quantification of the Greenland ice sheet contribution to Last Interglacial sea level rise
During the Last Interglacial period ( 130-115 thousand years ago) the Arctic climate was warmer than to- day, and global mean sea level was probably more than 6.6 m higher. However, there are largeExpand
Lack of evidence for a substantial sea-level fluctuation within the Last Interglacial
During the Last Interglacial, global mean sea level reached approximately 6 to 9 m above the present level. This period of high sea level may have been punctuated by a fall of more than 4 m, but aExpand
Ice Volume and Sea Level During the Last Interglacial
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Sea-level stands from the Western Mediterranean over the past 6.5 million years
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Global ocean heat content in the Last Interglacial
The Last Interglacial (129–116 thousand years ago (ka)) represents one of the warmest climate intervals of the past 800,000 years and the most recent time when sea level was metres higher than today.Expand
No evidence from the eastern Mediterranean for a MIS 5e double peak sea-level highstand
Abstract To understand past and future sea-level variability, it is important to know if during an interglacial the eustatic sea level is constant or oscillates by several meters around an averageExpand
The analysis of Last Interglacial (MIS 5e) relative sea-level indicators: Reconstructing sea-level in a warmer world
The Last Interglacial (MIS 5e, 128–116 ka) is among the most studied past periods in Earth's history. The climate at that time was warmer than today, primarily due to different orbital conditions,Expand
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Abstract Global inventories of stable sea-level markers for the peak of the last interglacial period, Marine Isotopic Stage (MIS) 5e, play a pivotal role in determining sea-level changes and inExpand
The accuracy of mid-Pliocene δ 18 O-based ice volume and sea level reconstructions
Abstract Understanding the sensitivity of the polar ice caps to a modest global warming (2–3 °C above preindustrial) is of paramount importance if we are to accurately predict future sea levelExpand
Last interglacial sea levels within the Gulf of Mexico and northwestern Caribbean Sea
Abstract. During the last interglacial (LIG) the volume of additional water in the world's oceans was large enough to raise global sea levels about 6–9 m higher than present levels. However, LIG seaExpand


Reconstructing sea level from paleo and projected temperatures 200 to 2100 ad
We use a physically plausible four parameter linear response equation to relate 2,000 years of global temperatures and sea level. We estimate likelihood distributions of equation parameters usingExpand
Global sea-level fluctuations during the Last Interglaciation (MIS 5e)
The geomorphology and morphostratigraphy of numerous worldwide sites reveal the relative movements of sea level during the peak of the Last Interglaciation (Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 5e, assumedExpand
Sea-level fluctuations during the last glacial cycle
A hydraulic model of the water exchange between the Red Sea and the world ocean is used to derive the sill depth—and hence global sea level—over the past 470,000 years, finding that sea-level changes of up to 35 m occurred, coincident with abrupt changes in climate. Expand
Quaternary climates and sea levels of the u.s. Atlantic coastal plain.
The composite sea level chronology for the Atlantic Coastal Plain is inconsistent with independent estimates of eustatic sea level positions during interglacial intervals of the last 200,000 years and Hydroisostatic adjustment from glacial-interglacial sea level fluctuations, lithospheric flexure, and isostatic uplift from sediment unloading due to erosion provide possible mechanisms to account for the discrepancies. Expand
Rapid fluctuations in sea level recorded at huon peninsula during the penultimate deglaciation
The early (about 140,000 years ago) start of the penultimate deglaciation, well before the peak in insolation, is consistent with the Devils Hole chronology. Expand
Substantial contribution to sea-level rise during the last interglacial from the Greenland ice sheet
It is concluded that the high sea level during the last interglacial period most probably included a large contribution from Greenland meltwater and therefore should not be interpreted as evidence for a significant reduction of the West Antarctic ice sheet. Expand
Penultimate Deglacial Sea-Level Timing from Uranium/Thorium Dating of Tahitian Corals
Results from fossil corals found in Tahiti indicate that sea level began to rise when insolation at 65° North latitude was near a minimum, not after it had begun to rise, as predicted by the Milankovitch theory, and that it fluctuated on a millennial time scale during deglaciation. Expand
On the origin of late Holocene sea-level highstands within equatorial ocean basins
Abstract Late Holocene sea-level highstands of amplitude ∼3 m are endemic to equatorial ocean basins. These highstands imply an ongoing and moderate, sub-mm/yr, sea-level fall in the far field of theExpand
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U-series ages measured by thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (TIMS) are reported for a Last Interglacial (LI) fossil coral core from the Turtle Bay, Houtman Abrolhos islands, western Australia. TheExpand
Emergent Marine Record and Paleoclimate of the Last Interglaciation along the Northwest Alaskan Coast
Abstract The last interglacial high sea-level stand, the Pelukian transgression of isotope substage 5e, is recorded along the western and northern coasts of Alaska by discontinuous but clearlyExpand