Privileges of Universitas Magistrorum et Scolarium and their Justification in Charters of Foundation from the 13th to the 21st Centuries

  title={Privileges of Universitas Magistrorum et Scolarium and their Justification in Charters of Foundation from the 13th to the 21st Centuries},
  author={Osmo Kivinen and Petri Poikus},
  journal={Higher Education},
Analysing foundation charters, this article explores the various purposes universities have been said to serve at different periods of time, how the distinction between universities and other educational establishments has been made, and how the actions of the academic community have been justified. The data consist of 225 charters of foundation from the year 1224 to 1999. Granted by rulers, the charters depict universities as being suited to serve widely differing purposes, such as furthering… 

On the Origin of Mandatory Blessing for the Election of Professors at Faculties of Theology – National and Comparative Perspective

Protection of nascent university autonomy, recognition of professor status and validity of acquired diplomas – all provided by the Church throughout history – were crucial for the development of

New and Forgotten Pathways Reducing Tension in Contract between University, Society and Authorities

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the reasons of possible misunderstandings in contract between University, society and the authorities. Some ways for the convention are proposed. Dynamism

Reconsidering the social and economic purposes of higher education

In this article I seek to reconsider the social and economic purposes of higher education. It begins with the premise that there appears to be a general trend towards governments positioning higher

Rethinking authentic assessment: work, well-being, and society

This article seeks a deeper understanding of the concept of authentic assessment which ensures it does not become another educational buzzword, slowly diminishing in real meaning. I consider the

Student motivation and the ‘feel good’ factor: an empirical examination of motivational predictors of university service quality evaluation

With the globalisation of the higher education industry, service quality in the higher education services is seen as a vital factor in determining a university's competitive advantage. The purpose of

Creating Our (Educational) Futures

... I am more interested in futures in education than I am in futures of education because the former concerns itself with the needs and potentials of real persons in the present while the latter



Even Higher Learning Takes Place by Doing: From postmodern critique to pragmatic action

This article starts out from the postmodern critique on higher education, which presents a challenge to discard the contemplative conception of knowledge and promotes a pragmatic conception of

Student Education, Student Life

At European universities and in European societies the concepts 'university', 'faculty', 'doctor', 'master', 'student', and the like have been in use for virtually 800 years. The term clericus

Higher education in a globalising world : international trends and mutual observations : a festschrift in honour of Ulrich Teichler.

List of Contributors. Preface P. Maassen. Foreword J. Enders, O. Fulton. Blurring Boundaries and Blistering Institutions: An Introduction J. Enders, O. Fulton. Part 1: Higher Education Policy and

The Stakeholder Perspective Historically Explored

One of the more interesting by-products which accompanies the spread of English as a lingua franca is the launching onto the dark waters of misunderstanding of terms that possess meaning and

The rise of early modern science : Islam, China, and the West

List of illustrations New preface Preface - 1993 Acknowledgments Introduction 1. The comparative study of science 2. Arabic science and the Islamic world 3. Reason and rationality in Islam and the

From Constructivism to a Pragmatist Conception of Learning

This paper contributes to the debate on constructivist learning theory. We contrast the constructivist notion of activity that identifies 'active' with 'conscious' and 'intentional' with John Dewey's

English university life in the Middle Ages

The undergraduate experience I the undergraduate experience II the postgraduate experience commoners undergraduate and mature the academic periphery teaching and learning relations with the town, recreations and entertainment government and administration, and so on.