Privileges of Universitas Magistrorum et Scolarium and their Justification in Charters of Foundation from the 13th to the 21st Centuries

@article{Kivinen2006PrivilegesOU,
  title={Privileges of Universitas Magistrorum et Scolarium and their Justification in Charters of Foundation from the 13th to the 21st Centuries},
  author={Osmo Kivinen and Petri Poikus},
  journal={Higher Education},
  year={2006},
  volume={52},
  pages={185-213}
}
Analysing foundation charters, this article explores the various purposes universities have been said to serve at different periods of time, how the distinction between universities and other educational establishments has been made, and how the actions of the academic community have been justified. The data consist of 225 charters of foundation from the year 1224 to 1999. Granted by rulers, the charters depict universities as being suited to serve widely differing purposes, such as furthering… 

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