Private Coins versus Public Coins in Interactive Proof Systems

@article{Goldwasser1986PrivateCV,
  title={Private Coins versus Public Coins in Interactive Proof Systems},
  author={Shafi Goldwasser and Michael Sipser},
  journal={Advances in Computing Research},
  year={1986},
  volume={5},
  pages={73-90}
}
An interactive proof system is a method by which one party of unlimited resources, called the prover, can convince a party of limited resources, call the verifier, of the truth of a proposition. The verifier may toss coins, ask repeated questions of the prover, and run efficient tests upon the prover's responses before deciding whether to be convinced. This extends the familiar proof system implicit in the notion of NP in that there the verifier may not toss coins or speak, but only listen and… CONTINUE READING
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