Principles of sensorimotor learning

@article{Wolpert2011PrinciplesOS,
  title={Principles of sensorimotor learning},
  author={Daniel M. Wolpert and J{\"o}rn Diedrichsen and J. Randall Flanagan},
  journal={Nature Reviews Neuroscience},
  year={2011},
  volume={12},
  pages={739-751}
}
The exploits of Martina Navratilova and Roger Federer represent the pinnacle of motor learning. However, when considering the range and complexity of the processes that are involved in motor learning, even the mere mortals among us exhibit abilities that are impressive. We exercise these abilities when taking up new activities — whether it is snowboarding or ballroom dancing — but also engage in substantial motor learning on a daily basis as we adapt to changes in our environment, manipulate… 

Figures from this paper

Motor skill learning between selection and execution
On the Role of Error in Motor Learning
TLDR
Findings support a beneficial role of error in motor learning and suggest that not all errors are equal in the learning process, and make a distinction between factors that induce errors that have desirable influences on learning compared to those that have undesirable effects.
Effect of sensory experience on motor learning strategy.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the two groups of subjects learned to execute reaching arm movements in environments with task-irrelevant visual cues used different learning strategies for the same visual environment and that the learning strategy was influenced by prior learning experience.
Savings upon Re-Aiming in Visuomotor Adaptation
TLDR
It is demonstrated, in a series of five experiments, that savings selectively reflects improvements in action selection: Participants are more adept in invoking an appropriate aiming strategy when presented with a previously experienced perturbation.
Motor learning in real-world pool billiards
TLDR
This work uses wearables for naturalistic full-body motion-tracking and the sports of pool billiards to frame a real-world skill learning experiment, and reveals the structure and complexity of movement, variability, and motor-learning.
Motor learning in real-world pool billiards
TLDR
This work uses wearables for naturalistic full-body motion-tracking and the sports of pool billiards to frame a real-world skill learning experiment, and reveals the structure and complexity of movement, variability, and motor learning.
Motor memory: Representation, learning and consolidation
1 Computations underlying sensorimotor learning
TLDR
This review highlights recent advances in the field of sensorimotor learning from a computational perspective, focusing on studies in which computational models are used to elucidate basic mechanisms underlying adaptation and skill acquisition in human behavior.
Computations underlying sensorimotor learning
The gravitational imprint on sensorimotor planning and control.
TLDR
Results support the hypothesis that the brain uses a multimodal and flexible representation of gravity effects on the authors' body and movements and that this representation can adapt to novel contexts.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 143 REFERENCES
Motor Learning by Observing
Failure to Consolidate the Consolidation Theory of Learning for Sensorimotor Adaptation Tasks
TLDR
The results fail to support the idea that motor memories become consolidated into a protected state, but they are consistent with recent ideas of memory formation, which propose that memories can shift between active and inactive states.
Learning Optimal Adaptation Strategies in Unpredictable Motor Tasks
TLDR
It is shown that the motor system initially generates highly variable behavior in such unpredictable tasks but eventually converges to stereotyped patterns of adaptive responses predicted by a simple optimality principle, suggesting that adaptation can become specifically tuned to identify task-specific parameters in an optimal manner.
Eye movements in natural behavior
Active learning: learning a motor skill without a coach.
TLDR
It is shown that current machine learning algorithms do not provide an adequate description of human behavior, and ways to improve human motor learning are suggested by helping people choose an optimal training sequence.
Consolidation in human motor memory
TLDR
It is shown that consolidation of a motor skill was disrupted when a second motor task was learned immediately after the first, indicating that motor memories, which do not depend on the medial temporal lobe, can be transformed by a similar process of consolidation.
Limited transfer of learning between unimanual and bimanual skills within the same limb
TLDR
Results suggest partial, but not complete, overlap in the learning processes involved in the acquisition of unimanual and bimanual skills.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...