Principles of motor learning in treatment of motor speech disorders.

  title={Principles of motor learning in treatment of motor speech disorders.},
  author={Edwin Maas and Donald A. Robin and Shannon N Austermann Hula and Skott E. Freedman and Gabriele Wulf and Kirrie J. Ballard and Richard A. Schmidt},
  journal={American journal of speech-language pathology},
  volume={17 3},
PURPOSE There has been renewed interest on the part of speech-language pathologists to understand how the motor system learns and determine whether principles of motor learning, derived from studies of nonspeech motor skills, apply to treatment of motor speech disorders. The purpose of this tutorial is to introduce principles that enhance motor learning for nonspeech motor skills and to examine the extent to which these principles apply in treatment of motor speech disorders. METHOD This… 

Tables from this paper

Do principles of motor learning enhance retention and transfer of speech skills? A systematic review

The current level of evidence for the application of the PML to speech motor learning in both healthy adults and individuals with motor speech disorders is promising and continued investigation is warranted.

Critical Review: What are the effects of variable feedback frequency on the retention of speech motor skills?

In practicing and learning a new skill, feedback may be provided to an individual regarding performance. During intervention of impaired speech motor skills, Speech Language Pathologists often

Motor speech treatment protocol for developmental motor speech disorders

There is preliminary evidence that the MSTP, which integrates multi-sensory information and utilizes hierarchical goal selection, may positively impact speech sound production by improving speech motor control in this population of children with severe to profound speech sound disorders with motor speech difficulties.

An intensive total speech treatment using principles of motor learning in an individual with dysarthria

Objective: Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder that is characterized by weak, slow, and imprecise movements. Previous research has shown that behavioral treatment can improve speech characteristics

Multi-sensory treatment for children with developmental motor speech disorders.

Finding from this study indicate that, for speech production disorders where both the planning and production of spatiotemporal parameters of movement sequences for speech are disrupted, multi-sensory treatment programmes that integrate auditory, visual and tactile–kinesthetic information improve auditory and visual accuracy of speech production.

Speech Sound Disorders: What's Motor Got To Do With It?

Speech sound disorders (SSDs) are commonly viewed as involving impaired articulation and/or phonological skills. Speech language pathologists working with individuals with (SSDs) assess the

Treatment of speech sound disorders in children: Nonspeech oral exercises

  • Abdulsalam Alhaidary
  • Medicine, Psychology
    International journal of pediatrics & adolescent medicine
  • 2021

Comorbidity of Motor and Sensory Functions in Childhood Motor Speech Disorders

This chapter frames findings from studies about comorbidity of sensory and motor dysfunctions in MSD in order to theorise affected mechanisms and propose an underlying global motor deficit.

Motor learning guided treatment for acquired apraxia of speech: a case study investigating factors that influence treatment outcomes

This case study contributes to the growing evidence on the effectiveness of motor learning guided (MLG) treatment for acquired AOS by examining the effects home practice and the stimuli selection on speech production.

Evidence-based systematic review: effects of nonspeech oral motor exercises on speech.

Insufficient evidence to support or refute the use of OMEs to produce effects on speech was found in the research literature, leading to a consideration of the need for more well-designed studies using well-described participant groups and alternative bases for evidence-based practice.



Influence of order of stimulus presentation on speech motor learning: A principled approach to treatment for apraxia of speech

The present study was designed to examine whether applying principles of motor learning to a commonly used treatment approach for acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) would enhance relearning of speech

Speech and oral motor learning in individuals with cerebellar atrophy.

It was demonstrated that with practice of speech tasks, a previously learned motor skill, movement speed and displacement decreased in both groups, and the effects of practice differed between previously learned speech tasks and the novel oral-movement task regardless of cerebellar pathology.

Clinical management of motor speech disorders in children

This work focuses on the treatment of children with Developmental Apraxia of Speech with a focus on the symptomatic aspects of stuttering and the management of Children with Dysarthria.

Training four-syllable CV patterns in individuals with acquired apraxia of speech: Theoretical implications

Background: Acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) is known as a motor speech disorder because it affects both the motor planning and motor programming components of speech production (Darley, Aronson, &

Motor learning: its relevance to stroke recovery and neurorehabilitation.

  • J. Krakauer
  • Psychology, Biology
    Current opinion in neurology
  • 2006
This review will focus on arm movements and address the following questions: What is motor learning, do patients with hemiparesis have a learning deficit, and are approaches based on motor learning principles useful for rehabilitation?

Response generalization in apraxia of speech treatments: taking another look.

  • K. Ballard
  • Psychology
    Journal of communication disorders
  • 2001

Neuromuscular treatments for speech and swallowing: a tutorial.

  • H. Clark
  • Psychology
    American journal of speech-language pathology
  • 2003
This tutorial reviews the theoretical foundations for several NMTs, including active exercises, passive exercises, and physical modalities, and explores potential applications to the speech and swallowing musculature.

Cortical interactions underlying the production of speech sounds.

  • F. Guenther
  • Biology, Psychology
    Journal of communication disorders
  • 2006

Acoustic patterns of apraxia of speech.

The acoustic results indicate a variety of segmental and prosodic abnormalities, including slow speaking rate with prolongations of transitions, steady states, and intersyllable pauses; reduced intensity variation across syllables; slow and inaccurate movements of the articulators; incoordination of voicing with other articulations; initiation difficulties; and errors of selection or sequencing of segments.

Generalized motor programme and parameterization accuracy in apraxia of speech and conduction aphasia

The present study examined three aspects of motor programming (generalized motor programme (GMP) accuracy, temporal parameterization accuracy, and amplitude parameterization accuracy) in subjects