Principles of motor learning in treatment of motor speech disorders.

@article{Maas2008PrinciplesOM,
  title={Principles of motor learning in treatment of motor speech disorders.},
  author={Edwin Maas and Donald A. Robin and Shannon N Austermann Hula and Skott E. Freedman and Gabriele Wulf and Kirrie J. Ballard and Richard A. Schmidt},
  journal={American journal of speech-language pathology},
  year={2008},
  volume={17 3},
  pages={
          277-98
        }
}
PURPOSE There has been renewed interest on the part of speech-language pathologists to understand how the motor system learns and determine whether principles of motor learning, derived from studies of nonspeech motor skills, apply to treatment of motor speech disorders. The purpose of this tutorial is to introduce principles that enhance motor learning for nonspeech motor skills and to examine the extent to which these principles apply in treatment of motor speech disorders. METHOD This… 

Tables from this paper

Do principles of motor learning enhance retention and transfer of speech skills? A systematic review

TLDR
The current level of evidence for the application of the PML to speech motor learning in both healthy adults and individuals with motor speech disorders is promising and continued investigation is warranted.

Speech Motor Sequence Learning in Parkinson Disease and Normal Aging: Acquisition, Consolidation, and Automatization

TLDR
A speech motor sequence learning task was developed and implemented to examine acquisition, consolidation, and automatization over two days, and aging and PD were observed to affect speech motor consolidation following night-time sleep.

Critical Review: What are the effects of variable feedback frequency on the retention of speech motor skills?

In practicing and learning a new skill, feedback may be provided to an individual regarding performance. During intervention of impaired speech motor skills, Speech Language Pathologists often

Motor speech treatment protocol for developmental motor speech disorders

TLDR
There is preliminary evidence that the MSTP, which integrates multi-sensory information and utilizes hierarchical goal selection, may positively impact speech sound production by improving speech motor control in this population of children with severe to profound speech sound disorders with motor speech difficulties.

Motor learning guided treatment for acquired apraxia of speech

ABSTRACT Purpose: The purpose of this study was to expand the evidence on the effectiveness of motor learning guided approach for the treatment of acquired apraxia of speech. This study investigated

An intensive total speech treatment using principles of motor learning in an individual with dysarthria

Objective: Dysarthria is a motor speech disorder that is characterized by weak, slow, and imprecise movements. Previous research has shown that behavioral treatment can improve speech characteristics

Speech Sound Disorders: What's Motor Got To Do With It?

Speech sound disorders (SSDs) are commonly viewed as involving impaired articulation and/or phonological skills. Speech language pathologists working with individuals with (SSDs) assess the

Treatment of speech sound disorders in children: Nonspeech oral exercises

  • Abdulsalam Alhaidary
  • Medicine, Psychology
    International journal of pediatrics & adolescent medicine
  • 2021

Comorbidity of Motor and Sensory Functions in Childhood Motor Speech Disorders

TLDR
This chapter frames findings from studies about comorbidity of sensory and motor dysfunctions in MSD in order to theorise affected mechanisms and propose an underlying global motor deficit.

Motor learning guided treatment for acquired apraxia of speech: a case study investigating factors that influence treatment outcomes

TLDR
This case study contributes to the growing evidence on the effectiveness of motor learning guided (MLG) treatment for acquired AOS by examining the effects home practice and the stimuli selection on speech production.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 182 REFERENCES

Understanding the nature of apraxia of speech: Theory, analysis, and treatment

Researchers have interpreted the behaviours of individuals with acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) as impairment of linguistic phonological processing, motor control, or both. Acoustic, kinematic, and

Influence of order of stimulus presentation on speech motor learning: A principled approach to treatment for apraxia of speech

The present study was designed to examine whether applying principles of motor learning to a commonly used treatment approach for acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) would enhance relearning of speech

Speech and oral motor learning in individuals with cerebellar atrophy.

TLDR
It was demonstrated that with practice of speech tasks, a previously learned motor skill, movement speed and displacement decreased in both groups, and the effects of practice differed between previously learned speech tasks and the novel oral-movement task regardless of cerebellar pathology.

Clinical management of motor speech disorders in children

TLDR
This work focuses on the treatment of children with Developmental Apraxia of Speech with a focus on the symptomatic aspects of stuttering and the management of Children with Dysarthria.

Training four-syllable CV patterns in individuals with acquired apraxia of speech: Theoretical implications

Background: Acquired apraxia of speech (AOS) is known as a motor speech disorder because it affects both the motor planning and motor programming components of speech production (Darley, Aronson, &

Motor learning: its relevance to stroke recovery and neurorehabilitation.

  • J. Krakauer
  • Psychology, Biology
    Current opinion in neurology
  • 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Much of neurorehabilitation rests on the assumption that patients can improve with practice. This review will focus on arm movements and address the following questions: (i) What is

Response generalization in apraxia of speech treatments: taking another look.

  • K. Ballard
  • Psychology
    Journal of communication disorders
  • 2001

Neuromuscular treatments for speech and swallowing: a tutorial.

  • H. Clark
  • Psychology
    American journal of speech-language pathology
  • 2003
TLDR
This tutorial reviews the theoretical foundations for several NMTs, including active exercises, passive exercises, and physical modalities, and explores potential applications to the speech and swallowing musculature.

Comparison of two forms of intensive speech treatment for Parkinson disease.

TLDR
Investigation of the effect of two forms of intensive speech treatment on the speech and voice deficits associated with idiopathic Parkinson disease suggests intensive voice and respiration treatment is more effective than respiration (R) treatment alone for improving vocal intensity and decreasing the impact of Parkinson disease on communication.

Cortical interactions underlying the production of speech sounds.

  • F. Guenther
  • Biology, Psychology
    Journal of communication disorders
  • 2006
...