Principles and practice of heterogeneous catalysis

  title={Principles and practice of heterogeneous catalysis},
  author={John Meurig Thomas},
Setting the scene the fundamentals of adsorption - structural and dynamical considerations, isotherms and energetics characterizing catalysts and their surfaces the significance of pore structure and surface area in heterogeneous catalysis the solid-state and surface chemistry of catalysts poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts catalytic process engineering heterogeneous catalysis - examples and case histories. 
The transition state in catalytic surface chemistry
The transition states for the elementary steps of a catalytic surface reaction mechanism determine the overall rates of catalytic processes. Unfortunately, our understanding of the nature ofExpand
Spectroscopic characterization of heterogeneous catalysts
Transition metal ions - elements with a partially filled d shell - on surfaces of inorganic oxides possess a wide variability in oxidation state, coordination number and molecular structure. ThisExpand
Role of Chemical Kinetics in the Heterogeneous Catalysis Studies
Abstract The paper presents shortly some of the important elements of the theory and of the practical applications of the kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions. Discussed are some of the mostExpand
Resolving the structure of active sites on platinum catalytic nanoparticles.
This comparison reveals that the edges of nanoparticles can significantly alter the atomic positions of monatomic steps in their proximity, which can lead to substantial deviations in the catalytic properties compared with the extended surfaces. Expand
Problems and Challenges About Accelerated Testing of the Catalytic Activity of Catalysts
Catalysis, as one of the most frequently observed natural phenomena, is the basic form of chemical reactions proceeding at a high rate in nature as well as in different fields of practical activities.
Kinetic Aspects of the Structure-Gap Problem in Heterogeneous Catalysis
Analyzing one of the possible schemes of the NO–CO reaction occurring on nm-sized supported Rh or Pd particles, we show that, due to the purely kinetic effects related to the interplay of theExpand
2.16 Catalysts
This chapter provides a concise and holistic coverage of solid catalysts, starting from the fundamentals to their commercial use in industrial reactors. The first section involves the concepts ofExpand
Understanding active species in catalytic transformations: From molecular catalysis to nanoparticles, leaching, “Cocktails” of catalysts and dynamic systems
Abstract In the present review, we consider the transformations of molecular catalysts, leaching, aggregation and various interconversions of metal complexes, clusters and nanoparticles that occurExpand
Analysis and Modelling of Multi-Site Acid Catalysts
Acid catalysis plays a major role in industrial applications of catalytic processes. In particular, the use of microporous solid acid catalysts has an enormous impact in the petroleum refiningExpand
Progress and challenges in polyoxometalate-based catalysis and catalytic materials chemistry
Abstract The impact of early transition-metal oxygen-anion cluster (polyoxometalate or “POM”) geometric and electronic structural properties on POM-based catalysis is addressed. Three specific areasExpand