Priming and human memory systems.

@article{Tulving1990PrimingAH,
  title={Priming and human memory systems.},
  author={Endel Tulving and Daniel L. Schacter},
  journal={Science},
  year={1990},
  volume={247 4940},
  pages={
          301-6
        }
}
Priming is a nonconscious form of human memory, which is concerned with perceptual identification of words and objects and which has only recently been recognized as separate from other forms of memory or memory systems. It is currently under intense experimental scrutiny. Evidence is converging for the proposition that priming is an expression of a perceptual representation system that operates at a pre-semantic level; it emerges early in development, and access to it lacks the kind of… 

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The findings count against the notion that conceptual priming provides feelings of familiarity that can support accurate recognition judgments and suggest that priming is inaccessible to conscious awareness and does not influence declarative memory.

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What antipriming reveals about priming

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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 54 REFERENCES

A retrieval theory of priming in memory.

The retrieval theory is applied to priming phenomena and is shown to be capable of explaining the same empirical findings as spreading activation theories.

Priming of Old and New Knowledge in Amnesic Patients and Normal Subjects a

  • D. Schacter
  • Psychology, Biology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1985
The observed dissociations have led a number of investigators to propose that repetition-priming effects are mediated by a "memory system," "memory process," or "form of memory" that is relatively spared in amnesia and that can function independently of the damaged memory process or system that underlies conscious and explicit recolle~tion.

Measures of Memory

ionist Positions Abstractionist positions view implicit memory as reflecting modification of the state of abstract lexical, semantic, or procedural knowledge structures; byionist positions view

Amnesic Syndrome: Consolidation or Retrieval?

The present experiments show that amnesic patients can remember verbal material if they are tested with a method of partial information but such retention depends more on the method of retrieval than on the methods of acquisition.

Specificity and Generality of Enhanced Priming Effects for Self-Generated Study Items

In two experiments, we investigated the finding that priming effects in wordfragment completion are enhanced for self-generated study items. The first experiment showed that priming in word-fragment

Stochastic Independence Between Two Implicit Memory Tasks

Two experiments tested the statistical relation between performances on two implicit, priming tests of memory: word-fragment completion and perceptual identification. If performance on implicit
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