Priming and human memory systems.

@article{Tulving1990PrimingAH,
  title={Priming and human memory systems.},
  author={Endel Tulving and Daniel L. Schacter},
  journal={Science},
  year={1990},
  volume={247 4940},
  pages={
          301-6
        }
}
Priming is a nonconscious form of human memory, which is concerned with perceptual identification of words and objects and which has only recently been recognized as separate from other forms of memory or memory systems. It is currently under intense experimental scrutiny. Evidence is converging for the proposition that priming is an expression of a perceptual representation system that operates at a pre-semantic level; it emerges early in development, and access to it lacks the kind of… Expand
Priming and Multiple Memory Systems: Perceptual Mechanisms of Implicit Memory
  • D. Schacter
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
  • 1992
TLDR
The hypothesis that priming effects on various tasks reflect the operation of a perceptual representation system (PRS) a class of cortically based subsystems that operate at a presemantic level and support non conscious expressions of memory. Expand
Varieties of priming
Recent data from brain-damaged and normal subjects converge to suggest several characteristics of repetition priming: firstly, it is sensitive to the physical and structural properties of input;Expand
Implicit memory and priming
Priming refers to an improvement or change in the identification, production, or classification of a stimulus as a result of a prior encounter with the same or a related stimulus and reflects theExpand
Specificity of priming: a cognitive neuroscience perspective
TLDR
Cognitive neuroscience analyses provide evidence for three types of specificity: stimulus, associative and response, and a theoretical perspective is suggested to help in guiding future research. Expand
Intact Conceptual Priming in the Absence of Declarative Memory
TLDR
The findings count against the notion that conceptual priming provides feelings of familiarity that can support accurate recognition judgments and suggest that priming is inaccessible to conscious awareness and does not influence declarative memory. Expand
Intact perceptual memory in the absence of conscious memory.
TLDR
The authors report the first demonstration, using matched tests, of fully intact perceptual memory (priming) in a profoundly amnesic patient (E.P.), despite at-chance recognition memory. Expand
Conscious and Nonconscious Processing of Visual Object Identity
Priming as implicit memory Recognizing a perceptual stimulus improves with familiarity. This experience specific facilitation is termed priming.In a typical priming experiment, subjects are initiallyExpand
Working Memory: The Interface between Memory and Cognition
  • A. Baddeley
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
  • 1992
TLDR
This work proposes a system for the temporary maintenance and manipulation of information necessary for the performance of such complex cognitive activities as comprehension, learning, and reasoning. Expand
Conscious and unconscious memory systems.
TLDR
This work recounts the discovery of declarative and nondeclarative memory and then describes the nature of declARative memory, working memory, nondeClarativeMemory, and the relationship between memory systems. Expand
Acquisition and transfer of word processing skill by an amnesic patient
TLDR
It is demonstrated that an amnesic patient was able to acquire a considerable amount of declarative and procedural knowledge about a word processing task and subsequently use it independently in his home environment but was unable to reflect upon what he had learned or to produce the learned information to changed cues. Expand
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