Primate evolution at the DNA level and a classification of hominoids

@article{Goodman2005PrimateEA,
  title={Primate evolution at the DNA level and a classification of hominoids},
  author={M. Goodman and D. Tagle and D. Fitch and W. Bailey and J. Czelusniak and B. Koop and P. Benson and J. Slightom},
  journal={Journal of Molecular Evolution},
  year={2005},
  volume={30},
  pages={260-266}
}
SummaryThe genetic distances among primate lineages estimated from orthologous noncoding nucleotide sequences of β-type globin loci and their flanking and intergenic DNA agree closely with the distances (delta T50H values) estimated by cross hybridization of total genomic single-copy DNAs. These DNA distances and the maximum parsimony tree constructed for the nucleotide sequence orthologues depict a branching pattern of primate lineages that is essentially congruent with the picture from… Expand
An objective time based phylogenetic classification of primates that places chimpanzees and humans in the genus Homo
Molecular phylogenetics, a coupling of molecular biology to Hennig’s phylogenetic systematics, is bringing about a twofold shift in paradigms, one in systematics and the other in how we view ourExpand
DNA hybridization evidence of hominoid phylogeny: A reanalysis of the data
TLDR
A reanalysis of the Sibley and Ahlquist data is presented, including a description of the corrections applied to the “raw counts”, to indicate that Pan is genetically closer to Homo than toGorilla, but that Gorilla may be genetically close toPan than toHomo. Expand
Phylogeny and Evolution of Selected Primates as Determined by Sequences of the ε-Globin Locus and 5′ Flanking Regions
TLDR
Results support the hypothesis that nonhuman primates of Madagascar descended from a single lineage, as local molecular clock calculations indicate that the divergence of lemuroid and lorisoid lineages, and the earliest diversification of leMuroids, occurred during the Eocene. Expand
Number of ancestral human species: a molecular perspective.
  • D. Curnoe, A. Thorne
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Homo : internationale Zeitschrift fur die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen
  • 2003
TLDR
The mitochondrial "African Eve" hypothesis based on a far more recent origin for H. sapiens is called into question, and the limits for intraspecific morphological variation used by many palaeoanthropologists have been set too low. Expand
Molecular evolution of primates - featuring mobile elements
TLDR
Alu insertions evidently show that African colobines form a paraphyletic group, instead of a traditional monophylum, as well as a sister grouping of Cebidae and Atelidae to the exclusion of Pitheciidae. Expand
Gorilla and orangutan c-myc nucleotide sequences: Inference on hominoid phylogeny
TLDR
The results support the view that the gorilla lineage branched off before the human and chimpanzee diverged and strengthen the hypothesis that chimpanzee and gorilla are more related to human than is orangutan. Expand
Gorilla and orangutan c-myc nucleotide sequences: Inference on hominoid phylogeny
TLDR
The results support the view that the gorilla lineage branched off before the human and chimpanzee diverged and strengthen the hypothesis that chimpanzee and gorilla are more related to human than is orangutan. Expand
Implications of natural selection in shaping 99.4% nonsynonymous DNA identity between humans and chimpanzees: Enlarging genus Homo
TLDR
Functional DNA evidence supports two previously offered taxonomic proposals: family Hominidae should include all extant apes; and genus Homo should include three extant species and two subgenera, Homo (Homo) sapiens (humankind), Homo (Pan) troglodytes (common chimpanzee), and Homo ( paniscus (bonobo chimpanzee). Expand
Species-specific evolution of repeated DNA sequences in great apes
TLDR
Interspecies representational difference analysis of the gorilla between human and gorilla revealed gorilla-specific DNA sequences which could represent either ancient sequences that got lost in other species, such as human and orang-utan, or, more likely, recent sequences which evolved or originated specifically in the gorilla genome. Expand
Evolution of the primate β-Globin gene region: Nucleotide sequence of the δ-β-globin Intergenic region of gorilla and phylogenetic relationships between African Apes and Man
TLDR
Parsimony and distance-based methods when applied to the δ-β intergenic region provide evidence (although not statistically significant) that human and chimpanzee are more closely related to each other than to gorilla. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
A molecular view of primate phylogeny and important systematic and evolutionary questions.
TLDR
Rates of DNA sequence evolution appear to have been fastest in the early primates ancestral to Anthropoidea and next fastest on the lorisoid branch and slowest over the past 25 Myr of hominoid descent, suggesting that mechanisms lowering the mutation rate evolved in correlation with lengthened life spans. Expand
The phylogeny of the hominoid primates, as indicated by DNA-DNA hybridization
TLDR
This work has compared the single-copy nuclear DNA sequences of the hominoid genera using DNA-DNA hybridization to produce a complete matrix of delta T50H values and shows that the branching sequence of the lineages was: Old World monkeys, gibbons, Orangutan, Gorilla, chimpanzees, and Man. Expand
Molecular systematics of higher primates: genealogical relations and classification.
TLDR
Pairwise comparisons and parsimony analysis of these orthologues clearly demonstrated that humans and great apes share a high degree of genetic similarity and that humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas form a natural monophyletic group. Expand
Molecular phylogeny of the family of apes and humans.
TLDR
Parsimony and maximum likelihood analyses, carried out on orthologous noncoding nucleotide sequences from primate beta-globin gene clusters, provide significantevidence for the human-chimpanzee tribe and overwhelming evidence for thehuman-chicpanzee-gorilla clade, and indicate that the rate of molecular evolution became slower in hominoids than in other primates and mammals. Expand
DNA hybridization evidence of hominoid phylogeny: Results from an expanded data set
TLDR
An expanded data set totaling 514 DNA hybrids supports the branching order given above for the phylogeny of the hominoids, and the possible effects of differences in age at first breeding are discussed. Expand
Nucleotide sequences of immunoglobulin-epsilon pseudogenes in man and apes and their phylogenetic relationships.
TLDR
All the analytical data examined supported the theory that chimpanzee is the closest relative of man, and the nucleotide sequences of immunoglobulin-epsilon processed pseudogenes from chimpanzee, gorilla and orangutan agreed with their human counterpart. Expand
Primate η-globin DNA sequences and man's place among the great apes
TLDR
The findings substantially increase the evidence indicative of a human–chimpanzee–gorilla clade with ancestral separations around 8 to 6 Myr ago and verify that neutral hominoid DNA evolved at markedly retarded rates. Expand
The spider monkey ψη-globin gene and surrounding sequences: Recent or ancient insertions of LINEs and SINEs?
TLDR
A phylogenetic comparison of the ψη-globin DNA sequence of the spider monkey to orthologous sequences from other primates provides evidence for an evolutionarily recent Ateles, thus placing its possible time of insertion between 20 and 40 MYA, and reaffirms a Homo-Pan monophyletic clade. Expand
Phylogenetic relations of humans and African apes from DNA sequences in the psi eta-globin region.
TLDR
Phylogenetic analysis of nucleotide sequences from the psi eta-globin locus in Pan troglodytes, gorilla, and Pongo pygmaeus indicated that human and chimpanzee are more closely related to each other than either is to gorilla and that the slowdown in the rate of sequence evolution evident in higher primates is especially pronounced in humans. Expand
The spider monkey psi eta-globin gene and surrounding sequences: recent or ancient insertions of LINEs and SINEs?
TLDR
A phylogenetic comparison of the psi eta-globin DNA sequence of the spider monkey to orthologous sequences from other primates provides evidence for an evolutionarily recent insertion of a truncated L1 LINE, and a critical analysis of potential sources of homoplasy reaffirms a Homo-Pan monophyletic clade. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...