Primate Hearing and Communication

  title={Primate Hearing and Communication},
  author={Rolf M. Quam and Marissa A. Ramsier and Richard R. Fay and Arthur N. Popper},
  booktitle={Springer Handbook of Auditory Research},
The diverse and well-studied order Primates serves as an excellent model for understanding the evolution of acoustic communication among mammals. Over the past 60 million years, primates have evolved into more than 300 extant species that range from nocturnal to diurnal, arboreal to terrestrial, and solitary to groups of thousands, and they range in body mass from the 30-g pygmy mouse lemur (Microcebus myoxinus) to the 175-kg eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). Nonhuman primates… 
Hearing Sensitivity of Primates: Recurrent and Episodic Positive Selection in Hair Cells and Stereocilia Protein-Coding Genes
It is shown that the primate tree is heterogeneously affected by positive selection, with the black snub-nosed monkey, the bushbaby, and the orangutan, being the most impacted branches.
High frequency/ultrasonic communication in a critically endangered nocturnal primate, Claire's mouse lemur (Microcebus mamiratra)
The present study provides the first quantified information on vocal acoustics of calls, sound associated behavioral context, acoustic niche, and vocal activity of this species, and compared findings with published findings of five bioacoustically studied mouse lemur species.
Communication is key: Mother-offspring signaling can affect behavioral responses and offspring survival in feral horses (Equus caballus)
Acoustic signaling plays an important role in mother-offspring recognition and subsequent bond-formation. It remains unclear, however, if mothers and offspring use acoustic signaling in the same ways
Signaling across the senses: a captive case study in pair-bonded red-bellied lemurs (Eulemur rubriventer) at the Duke Lemur Center, NC, USA
We provide a preliminary case study in red-bellied lemurs (Eulemur rubriventer) to illustrate a multimodal approach to understanding communication strategies within a species with obligate
Rock Music: An Auditory Assessment of Knapping
ABSTRACT We explore and describe the auditory landscape that emerges from stone tool making. Using two trained musicians, we identify the pitches and octaves produced from percussion knapping. We
DetEdit: A graphical user interface for annotating and editing events detected in long-term acoustic monitoring data
A MATLAB-based graphical user interface, called DetEdit, was developed to accelerate the editing and annotating of automated detections from extensive acoustic datasets, which creates datasets of signal labels for further analyses, such as training classifiers and quantifying occurrence, abundances, or trends.
OP-GBEV210134 1..16
  • 2021
Multimodal pair‐bond maintenance: A review of signaling across modalities in pair‐bonded nonhuman primates
There is a call for further investigation into pair‐bonded communication using a multimodal approach to better understand how these species use all their senses to build, maintain, and advertise their bonds.


Social drive and the evolution of primate hearing
This work uses the auditory brainstem response method to generate the largest number of standardized audiograms available for any primate radiation and develops and test a model of social drive, hypothesizing that social complexity has favoured enhanced hearing sensitivities, especially at higher frequencies.
Auditory Morphology and Hearing Sensitivity in Fossil New World Monkeys
The majority of evidence suggests that these fossil species likely had similar low‐frequency sensitivity to extant South American monkeys, and lays the groundwork for predicting hearing sensitivity in additional fossil primate specimens.
Primate Vocal Communication: A Useful Tool for Understanding Human Speech and Language Evolution?
It is concluded that comparative research on primate vocal behavior is a very promising tool for deepening the authors' understanding of the evolution of human speech and language, but much is still to be done as many aspects of monkey and ape vocalizations remain largely unexplored.
Correlations between auditory structures and hearing sensitivity in non‐human primates
The results demonstrate that a variety of auditory structures show significant correlations with certain aspects of hearing (particularly low‐frequency sensitivity), and these relationships agree with expectations from auditory theory, but some traditional ideas were not supported.
Primate hearing from a mammalian perspective.
  • R. Heffner
  • Biology, Physics
    The anatomical record. Part A, Discoveries in molecular, cellular, and evolutionary biology
  • 2004
Multiple lines of evidence support the view that sound localization is the selective pressure on smaller primates and on other mammals with short interaural distances for hearing high frequencies.
Primate auditory diversity and its influence on hearing performance.
  • Mark N. Coleman, C. Ross
  • Medicine
    The anatomical record. Part A, Discoveries in molecular, cellular, and evolutionary biology
  • 2004
The dimensions of the outer ear (pinna) were measured in cadaveric specimens representing nearly every primate family and used to calculate a shape ratio, which indicated that most nonanthropoids have ears that are tall and narrow, whereas monkeys and apes are characterized by ears with more equal height and width dimensions.
Early hominin auditory capacities
This work has studied the anatomy of the outer and middle ear in the early hominin taxa Australopithecus africanus and Paranthropus robustus and estimated their auditory capacities and suggests that the earlyhominin auditory pattern may have facilitated an increased emphasis on short-range vocal communication in open habitats.
The descended larynx is not uniquely human
It is suggested that laryngeal descent serves to elongate the vocal tract, allowing callers to exaggerate their perceived body size by decreasing vocal–tract resonant frequencies.
Primate Signals: Current Issues and Perspectives
The time is right to bring together a body of papers in one issue that highlight and utilize significant methodological and theoretical advances in the field of primate communication, and that will provide readers with an overview of the current state of the field, while also suggesting future avenues of enquiry.
What Do Primates Hear? A Meta-analysis of All Known Nonhuman Primate Behavioral Audiograms
The degree to which one can directly compare the audiograms is sought by examining several factors: the behavioral conditioning procedure employed to train and test the subjects, the type of transducer used to deliver the test tones, the procedure used to calibrate the amplitude of the testtones, the acoustic enclosure used to minimize ambient noise, and the method used to determine the final threshold values.