Primate Communication and the Gestural Origin of Language [and Comments and Reply]

  title={Primate Communication and the Gestural Origin of Language [and Comments and Reply]},
  author={Gordon W. Hewes and Richard John Andrew and Louis Carini and Hackeny Choe and Richard A. Gardner and Adriaan Kortlandt and Grover S. Krantz and Glenorchy McBride and Fernando Nottebohm and John Pfeiffer and Duane G. Rumbaugh and Horst Dieter Steklis and Michael J. Raliegh and Roman Stopa and Akira Suzuki and Sherwood Washburn and Roger Williams Wescott},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={5 - 24}
Wallace, Tylor, Wundt, Johannesson, and others have proposed that human language had its basis in hand and arm gestures. The Gardners' work with the chimpanzee Washoe, Premack's study of the chimpanzee Sarah, and continuing experiments along these lines indicate that neural restructuring would not have been necessary for the protohominid acquisition of a simple propositional gesture or sign language which did not involve cross-modal transfer at a high level from the visual to the auditory… 

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