Primary prevention of HTLV-I in Japan.

  title={Primary prevention of HTLV-I in Japan.},
  author={Shigeo Hino and Shigeru Katamine and Hironori Miyata and Yoshiro Tsuji and Toru Yamabe and Tsutomu Miyamoto},
  journal={Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association},
  volume={13 Suppl 1},
The ATL prevention program (AAP) in the Nagasaki Prefecture since 1987 consists of screening of pregnant women and asking the seropositives to refrain from breast-feeding. We screened approximately 90% of gravidas in the Prefecture and > 90% of the seropositive women agreed not to breast-feed. The maternal transmission rate dropped from approximately 20% to approximately 3%. PCR of cord bloods showed that 2.5% were PCR-positive. However, among formula-fed children, none of the cord-positives… CONTINUE READING

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