Primary minerals of Zn-Pb mining and metallurgical dumps and their environmental behavior at Plombières, Belgium

  title={Primary minerals of Zn-Pb mining and metallurgical dumps and their environmental behavior at Plombi{\`e}res, Belgium},
  author={Harry Kucha and Andreas Martens and Raoul Ottenburgs and Walter de Vos and Willy Viaene},
  journal={Environmental Geology},
The primary phases and minerals of the Plombières dumps include typical smelting furnace products such as metallic Fe, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe-Zn alloys, carbides, phosphides, sulfides of Fe, Zn, Pb, Cu, Mn (alabandite), and FeAs. Spinels, mainly of Fe and Al, are common constituents of the primary assemblage; substitution by Zn, V, Cr, Ti, Mg, and Ca occurs. Primary phases also include the most common Zn-rich fayalite, Zn-rich Ca-Fe silicates, melilite, corundum, and apatite. Most of the Zn is… 

Mobilization of heavy metals from historical smelting slag dumps, north Queensland, Australia

Abstract Slag dumps occur at several historical smelting sites in north Queensland, Australia. The microcrystalline slags contain primary slag phases, relict flux, ore and furnace materials and

Phase and chemical composition of historical Zn-Pb slag from the dump in Ruda Śląska (Silesian Province, southern Poland)

  • I. Jonczy
  • Materials Science
    Acta Montanistica Slovaca
  • 2022
The locations and structures testifying the historic Zn-Pb ore exploitation and processing are found in numerous southern Poland regions, especially Silesian Province. The Zn-Pb slag dump in Ruda Ś l

Primary phases and natural weathering of old lead-zinc pyrometallurgical slag from Príbram, Czech Republic

Pyrometallurgical slag, produced 100-150 years ago from lead-zinc ores in the smelting region of Pribram, Czech Republic, contains elevated amounts of Zn and Pb. Knowledge of the distribution of

Metalliferous Constituents of Rhizosphere Soils Contaminated by Zn–Pb Mining in Southern Poland

Industrial soils near Zn–Pb mines and metallurgical plants in the vicinity of Olkusz (southern Poland) are exposed to high environmental stress related to heavy metal pollution (Zn, Pb, Cd, Mn, Fe,

Mineralogical and Chemical Characteristics of Slags from the Pyrometallurgical Extraction of Zinc and Lead

The slags derived from the fire refining of lead bullion, differ distinctly in the mineral composition, which results from the fact that these slags are end products of a series of chemical reactions

Geochemical and Mineralogical Characterisation of Historic Zn–Pb Mine Waste, Plombières, East Belgium

Mine wastes and tailings derived from historical processing may contain significant contents of valuable metals due to processing being less efficient in the past. The Plombières tailings pond in

Influence of alumina on mineralogy and environmental properties of zinc-copper smelting slags

An iron-silicate slag, from a zinc-copper smelting process, and mixtures of this slag with 5wt%, 10wt%, and 15wt% alumina addition were re-melted, semi-rapidly solidified, and characterized using


Zinc smelting at Świetochlowice, in Upper Silesia, Poland, produced a 15 ha waste dump, which is dominated by silicate slags, representing 1200–1300°C silicate melt generated during zinc extraction.



Heavy metal contamination in overbank sediments of the Geul river (East Belgium): Its relation to former Pb-Zn mining activities

Overbank sediments of the Geul River (East Belgium) are highly contaminated by the heavy metals Pb, Zn, and Cd due to former Pb-Zn mining activities in the drainage basin. Geochemical variations in

The dispersal of metal mining wastes in the catchment of the river Geul (Belgium - The Netherlands)

The metal mining industry has caused large quantities of heavy metals to enter countless river systems. The consequent spread of heavy metals is determined largely by how these metals bind with silt

Supergene processes in zinc-lead-silver sulfide ores in carbonates

Eh-pH relations have been examined for assemblages of the Burgin Mine, East Tintic District, Utah, at the temperature of 60 degrees C of local subsurface waters, and at 25 degrees C for the Tynagh

Les gisements plombo-zincifères de l'Est de la Belgique

The lead-zinc district of eastern Belgium contains the largest ore deposits. The total production of past years is approx 1 000 000 t of zinc metal and 130 000 t of lead metal. The results are

Compounds with mixed and intermediate sulfur valences as precursors of banded sulfides in carbonate-hosted Zn-Pb deposits in Belgium and Poland

Compounds of Fe, Pb and Zn with mixed and intermediate sulfur valences form ubiquitous inclusions and relics in banded sphalerite, pyrite-melnikovite and galena. Banded sulfides continuously grade