Primary minerals of Zn-Pb mining and metallurgical dumps and their environmental behavior at Plombières, Belgium

@article{Kucha1996PrimaryMO,
  title={Primary minerals of Zn-Pb mining and metallurgical dumps and their environmental behavior at Plombi{\`e}res, Belgium},
  author={Harry Kucha and Andreas Martens and Raoul Ottenburgs and Walter de Vos and Willy Viaene},
  journal={Environmental Geology},
  year={1996},
  volume={27},
  pages={1-15}
}
The primary phases and minerals of the Plombières dumps include typical smelting furnace products such as metallic Fe, Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe-Zn alloys, carbides, phosphides, sulfides of Fe, Zn, Pb, Cu, Mn (alabandite), and FeAs. Spinels, mainly of Fe and Al, are common constituents of the primary assemblage; substitution by Zn, V, Cr, Ti, Mg, and Ca occurs. Primary phases also include the most common Zn-rich fayalite, Zn-rich Ca-Fe silicates, melilite, corundum, and apatite. Most of the Zn is… 

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