Primary frozen shoulder: global capsular stiffness versus localized contracture.

  title={Primary frozen shoulder: global capsular stiffness versus localized contracture.},
  author={Hans K. Uhthoff and Pascal Boileau},
  journal={Clinical orthopaedics and related research},
Stiffness in primary (idiopathic) frozen shoulders has been attributed to a global fibroplasia of the capsule despite the fact surgical release of the capsule at the rotator interval and of the coracohumeral ligament restores motion in almost all patients. Occurrence of vimentin, a cytocontractile protein known to be present in Dupuytren's contracture and in club-feet, has been reported in resection specimens of anterior capsular structures. We hypothesized vimentin would occur only in the… CONTINUE READING

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