Primary Stroke Prevention in Children with Sickle Cell Anemia Living in Africa: the False Choice between Patient-oriented Research and Humanitarian Service.

In the United States, primary stroke prevention in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) is now the standard of care and includes annual transcranial Doppler ultrasound evaluation to detect elevated intracranial velocities; and for those at risk, monthly blood transfusion therapy for at least a year followed by the option of hydroxyurea therapy. This… CONTINUE READING