Primary Intranasal Lining Injury Cause, Deformities, and Treatment Plan

@article{Menick2014PrimaryIL,
  title={Primary Intranasal Lining Injury Cause, Deformities, and Treatment Plan},
  author={Frederick J. Menick and Arthur H. Salibian},
  journal={Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery},
  year={2014},
  volume={134},
  pages={1045–1056}
}
Background: Nasal membranes may be injured by immune disease, infection, trauma, or cocaine. Destruction of the septum, vault and floor lining, external skin, upper lip, and adjacent structures follows. Methods: Lining injuries caused by cocaine, Wegener granulomatosis, primary syphilis, leishmaniasis, septorhinoplasty, septal cancer excision and irradiation, corrosive inhalation, and foreign body and iatrogenic intubation injury were reviewed. The site and degree of injury were correlated with… 
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