Primary Attachment to Parents and Peers during Adolescence: Differences by Attachment Style

  title={Primary Attachment to Parents and Peers during Adolescence: Differences by Attachment Style},
  author={Harry Freeman and B. Bradford Brown},
  journal={Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
This study examines the nature of adolescent attachment to parents and peers during adolescence. A projective measure was used to classify 99 11th and 12th grade students into secure, insecure dismissing, and insecure preoccupied attachment groups. Respondents identified their primary attachment figure by nomination and by rating the level of attachment support they received from mothers, fathers, best friends, and boy/girlfriends. On average, parents and peers were equally likely to be… 

Parent and Peer Attachment in Late Childhood and Early Adolescence

This study investigated child and early adolescent relationships with parents and peers within the theoretical framework of attachment. A cross-sectional sample of 279 fourth, sixth, and eighth

Attachment Representations and Time Perspective in Adolescence

This study examines the relationship between attachment to parents and peers, time perspective and psychological adjustment in adolescence. 2,665 adolescents (M age = 17.03 years, SD = 1.48)

Attachment styles of female parenting and nonparenting adolescents

The primary purpose of this study was to explore the parent, peer, and romantic attachment styles of both parenting and nonparenting adolescents. Do parenting adolescents differ from nonparenting

Interplay between Attachment to Peers and Parents in Korean Adolescents’ Behavior Problems

AbstractThe present study investigated the relative contribution of style of peer attachment (secure, anxious, avoidant) and quality of attachment to parents on behavior problems in Korean


Human beings tend to form attachment with their primary caregivers since the very beginning of life. Attachment theory has particularly interesting applications for understanding adolescent’s


This study examined the extent to which the quality of parent and peer attachments related to early adolescents' life satisfaction (LS), whether peer attachment served as a mediator between parent

Mapping young adults’ use of fathers for attachment support: implications on romantic relationship experiences

A mixed methods approach was used to examine how young adults (n = 1012) perceive fathers as targets for attachment support. Participants ranked the level of attachment support received and sought

Parental social power, co-parenting, and child attachment: early to late japanese adolescence transitions

The purposes of this study were to examine how adolescents’ perceptions of parental powers and how bases of power between the father and the mother separately impact adolescents’ attachment to their

The relationship between attachment style and placement of parents in adults’ attachment networks over time

It is suggested that attachment style, relationship quality, romantic relationship status, and parents’ marital status determine the placement of parents in adults’ attachment networks.

With(out) a little help from my friends: insecure attachment in adolescence, support-seeking, and adult negativity and hostility

Results suggest a type of self-fulfilling prophecy as insecure adolescents confirm their negative expectations of others through ongoing struggles to obtain support through difficulty seeking/receiving support in friendships during adolescence.



Attachment in late adolescence: working models, affect regulation, and representations of self and others.

Different styles of affect regulation and representational bias associated with particular working models of attachment are interpreted in terms of different styles of distress, perceived competence, and social support.

Attachment styles among young adults: a test of a four-category model.

The proposed model was shown to be applicable to representations of family relations; Ss' attachment styles with peers were correlated with family attachment ratings.

Influence of Attachment Styles on Romantic Relationships

This investigation examined the impact of secure, anxious, and avoidant attachment styles on romantic relationships in a longitudinal study involving 144 dating couples. For both men and women, the

Attachments beyond infancy.

Attachment theory is extended to pertain to developmental changes in the nature of children's attachments to parents and surrogate figures during the years beyond infancy, and to the nature of other

Intimacy of friendship, interpersonal competence, and adjustment during preadolescence and adolescence.

Overall, the findings support the view that the ability to establish close, intimate friendships becomes increasingly important during early adolescence.

Perception of Parental Reciprocity Scale (POPRS): Development and Validation with Adolescents and Young Adults

The present paper describes the development of a new scale, the Perception of Parental Reciprocity Scale (POPRS), and research findings obtained with this instrument. Based on Youniss' (1980) theory,

Children's perceptions of the personal relationships in their social networks.

Relatively few investigators have compared and contrasted the characteristics of different kinds of relationships in children's social networks. In the present study, 199 fifthand sixth-grade

Changes in adolescents' daily interactions with their families from ages 10 to 18: Disengagement and transformation

In a cross-sequential study spanning 5th-12th grade, 220 White working-and middle-class youth provided reports on their experience at 16,477 random moments in their lives. Amount of time spent with

The development of companionship and intimacy.

There was mixed support for the hypothesis that same-sex friends become important providers of intimacy during preadolescence, and findings were different for boys and girls, suggesting that girls seek intimate disclosure in friendship at younger ages than boys do.

Daily companionship in late childhood and early adolescence: changing developmental contexts.

Findings show a dramatic decline in amount of time spent with family, with older students reporting half as much time with their families as younger students, and changes in adolescents' daily opportunities for cognitive growth, emotional development, and social support.