A new pricing mechanism for power control in multicell wireless data networks
In this paper we consider distributed power control in a multicell wireless data system and study the effect of pricing transmit power. Drawing on our earlier work in , we formulate the QoS of a data user via a utility function measured in bits per Joule. We consider distributed power control, modeled as a non-cooperative game, where users maximize their utilities in a multicell system. Base station assignment based on received signal strength as well as received signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) are considered jointly with power control. Our results indicate that for both assignment schemes, such a procedure results in an inefficient operating point (Nash equilibrium) for the entire system. We introduce pricing of transmit power as a mechanism for influencing data user behavior and our results show that the distributed power control based on maximizing the net utility (utility minus the price) results in improving the Pareto efficiency of the resulting operating point. Variations of pricing based on global and local loading in cells are considered as a means of improving the efficiency of wireless data networks. Finally, we discuss the improvement in utilities through a centralized scheme where each base station (BS) calculates the best SIR to be targeted by the terminals it is assigned.