Previous pregnancy is a favourable prognostic factor in women with localised cutaneous melanoma.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The influence of pregnancy on survival in melanoma has been a controversial issue. OBJECTIVE In this retrospective study we investigated whether pregnancy (overall or temporally melanoma-related) has any effect on melanoma progression or patient outcome. METHODS Patient data were collected from Turku University Hospital records concerning all women in fertile age (15-45 years) and diagnosed with melanoma between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 2009. We collected data on melanoma characteristics, treatment, pregnancies and patient outcomes. RESULTS Of the 334 patients, 248 (74%) had been pregnant in some point during their life while 55 (17%) were nulliparous. The history of pregnancies could not be verified in 31 women (9%). Progression of melanoma to advanced stage was found in 58 (17%) of these women. Altogether, 35 women (14%) with at least one pregnancy had disease progression in contrast to 14 women (26%) with no pregnancies (p =0.049). Women with at least one pregnancy had a 94% probability to survive from melanoma compared to nulliparous women of whom only 83% survived (p =0.041). In Multivariate (COX) analysis pregnancy was a favourable factor for disease-specific survival (DSS) (HR 3.75; 95% CI 1.24-11.34; p =0.019) when adjusted for age (HR 1.064; 95% CI 1.00-1.13; p =0.50), localisation and stage (p =0.040), and Breslow (HR 1.32; 95% CI 1.10-1.58; p =0.002). However, when ulceration of the primary tumour was included in the multivariate model, Breslow remained as the only independent predictor of DSS (HR 1.58; 95% CI 1.34-1.86; p =0.0001) and pregnancy was dropped from the stepwise backward model in the step preceding the last one (p =0.081). CONCLUSION Pregnancy is not a risk factor for disease recurrence or progression in melanoma patients, but instead can exert some favourable influence on prognosis.

DOI: 10.3109/0284186X.2012.673734

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@article{Vihinen2012PreviousPI, title={Previous pregnancy is a favourable prognostic factor in women with localised cutaneous melanoma.}, author={P. Vihinen and Mari Vainio-Kaila and Lauri A I Talve and Ilkka O Koskivuo and Kari Juhani Syrj{\"a}nen and Seppo Olavi Pyrh{\"{o}nen}, journal={Acta oncologica}, year={2012}, volume={51 5}, pages={662-8} }