Preverbal infants expect agents exhibiting counterintuitive capacities to gain access to contested resources

@article{Meng2021PreverbalIE,
  title={Preverbal infants expect agents exhibiting counterintuitive capacities to gain access to contested resources},
  author={Xianwei Meng and Yo Nakawake and Kazuhide Hashiya and Emily Rachel Reed Burdett and Jonathan Jong and Harvey Whitehouse},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
  year={2021},
  volume={11}
}
Claims to supernatural power have been used as a basis for authority in a wide range of societies, but little is known about developmental origins of the link between supernatural power and worldly authority. Here, we show that 12- to 16-month-old infants expect agents exhibiting counterintuitive capacities to win out in a two-way standoff over a contested resource. Infants watched two agents gain a reward using either physically intuitive or physically counterintuitive methods, the latter… 
2 Citations
Children’s social evaluation toward prestige-based and dominance-based powerholders
Objective Social scientists have suggested two typical ways of acquiring social power: dominance approach (gaining social power by applying violence, coercion, threat, and punishment) and prestige

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 52 REFERENCES
Big and Mighty: Preverbal Infants Mentally Represent Social Dominance
TLDR
The results suggest that preverbal infants mentally represent social dominance and use a cue that covaries with it phylogenetically, and marks it metaphorically across human cultures and languages, to predict which of two agents is likely to prevail in a conflict of goals.
Infants distinguish between leaders and bullies
TLDR
Infants expected obedience when the bully remained in the scene and could harm the protagonists if defied, but they expected disobedience when the order was given by a character with little or no power over the protagonists.
Representation of stable social dominance relations by human infants
TLDR
Infants’ demonstrated understanding of social dominance reflects the cognitive underpinning of humans’ capacity to represent social relations, which may be evolutionarily ancient, and may be shared with nonhuman species.
Preverbal infants affirm third-party interventions that protect victims from aggressors
Protective interventions by a third party on the behalf of others are generally admired, and as such are associated with our notions of morality, justice and heroism1–4. Indeed, stories involving
Melting Lizards and Crying Mailboxes: Children's Preferential Recall of Minimally Counterintuitive Concepts
TLDR
The results suggest that the cognitive bias for minimally counterintuitive ideas is present and active early in human development, near the start of formal religious instruction, and supports a growing literature suggesting that diverse, early-emerging, evolved psychological biases predispose humans to hold and perform religious beliefs and practices.
Transitive inference of social dominance by human infants.
TLDR
It is suggested that transitive inference may be supported by phylogenetically ancient mechanisms of ordinal representation and visuospatial processing that come online early in human development.
Ten-month-old infants infer the value of goals from the costs of actions
TLDR
Infants’ expectations were modeled as Bayesian inferences over utility-theoretic calculations, providing a bridge to recent quantitative accounts of action understanding in older children and adults.
...
...