To evaluate the effect of preventive measures 46 patients, all allergic to house-dust mites (Dermatophagoides spp.), were randomly allocated to a study and a control group. According to the patients' subjective recordings of symptom score and use of medicine, compared with the control group, the study group had improved. There was, however, no improvement when comparing the objective recordings of morning and evening peak flow and use of medicine, and it is concluded that the preventive measures in this programme are not very effective for patients allergic to house-dust mites. The reduction in indoor humidity in the study group was limited and, as a high indoor humidity is the cause of huge populations of house-dust mites in homes, it is emphasized that future programmes of preventive measures should focus more on damp problems, particularly those related to bad housing construction.