Prevention by the new Ca2+ channel antagonist, AJ-3941, of loss of endothelium-dependent relaxation after subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats.

Abstract

AJ-3941 ((+/-)-(E)-1-(3-fluoro-6,11-dihydrodibenz[b,e]-oxepine-11-yl ) -4-(3-phenyl-2-propenyl)-piperazine dimaleate; CAS No. 143110-70-7), a cerebrovascular-selective Ca2+ channel antagonist having anti-lipid peroxidative action, was reported to prevent cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats. The present study was undertaken to determine whether AJ-3941 protects the impairment of cerebroarterial endothelium-dependent relaxation which is concomitantly induced with cerebral vasospasm. Subarachnoid hemorrhage biphasically suppressed the response to acetylcholine in rat basilar artery, at 0.5 h (n = 4; P < 0.06) and 1 day (n = 5; P < 0.05) after subarachnoid hemorrhage. The reduction of the responses was correlated significantly to the degree of vasospasm determined angiographically. This reduction was accompanied by a 49% increase of arterial lipid peroxide contents. Endothelium-independent relaxation in subarachnoid hemorrhage rats was preserved in response to 3-morpholinosydnonimine, sodium nitroprusside and papaverine. AJ-3941 prevented (n = 6-8, P < 0.05) the suppression of the acetylcholine-induced response and the increase in lipid peroxide content in subarachnoid hemorrhage rats. These results suggest that AJ-3941 could exert its vasospasmolytic effect by preserving endothelial function through its anti-lipid peroxidative action, in addition to its inhibition of vasospasmogen-induced vasoconstriction related to intracellular Ca2+ mobilization.

Statistics

05001000'00'02'04'06'08'10'12'14'16
Citations per Year

818 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 818 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Minato1996PreventionBT, title={Prevention by the new Ca2+ channel antagonist, AJ-3941, of loss of endothelium-dependent relaxation after subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats.}, author={Hiroshi Minato and Yoshihito Honda and Yutaka Masuda and Buichi Fujitani and Keisuke Hosoki}, journal={European journal of pharmacology}, year={1996}, volume={315 3}, pages={297-303} }