Preventing retrograde stone displacement during pneumatic lithotripsy for ureteral calculi using lidocaine jelly.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES To assess the efficacy of lubricating jelly instillation proximal to the upper ureteral calculi during lithotripsy on the prevention of retrograde stone displacement and the stone-free rate. METHODS Thirty-four patients with upper ureteral calculi of less than 2 cm were randomized into two groups: jelly instillation (n = 16) and controls (n… (More)

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