Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in developing countries: recent developments and ethical implications.

Various regimens of antiretroviral (ARV) therapy during pregnancy and labour have been found to be effective in reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Cost and late identification of women with HIV infection during pregnancy in many developing countries have been the impetus to study inexpensive, short-course ARV regimens. Recently, it… (More)